Author Profile

Young Scientists Journal

Recent Posts

Exobiology – The Hunt for Extra-Terrestrial Life

Martian Soil

This article discusses astrobiology, the study of life within the universe. Here, the origins of life within the universe are considered and the most likely celestial objects, in which humans may encounter life, are examined.

7 Recommended Apps from the Apple App Store

Some recommended apps that can be downloaded from the Apple App Store: Solar Walk, described below.       1.TED This app is a video library of talks given by some of the world’s most fascinating people, free to download and watch. The official TED app has all the talks that can be found on […]

Science Photography Competition 2013 FAQs

  FAQs: YSJ Photography prize 2013   What are the themes? The themes are as follows: Medicine in Culture (open to anyone 18 and under), Speedy Science (open to those under 12), Networking (open to those of ages 12-15) and Science in Detail (open to those of ages 16-18). For the theme open to anyone 18 and under, there is a first prize […]

Science Photography Competition 2013 – now closed

  The Young Scientists Journal (a free online journal for scientists aged 12-20 run by a team of 12-20 year-olds) is launching a science photography competition. Click here to submit a photo or click the link below! We invite students aged 18 and under to take photos using any camera, phone or other device to compete […]

Marshmallow-like sponge useful in clearing oil spills

Researchers from Japan have for the first time created a ‘marshmallow-like’ superhydrophobic aerogel that acts effectively as a sponge to soak up hydrocarbons and can then be ‘wrung out’ and reused. Previous materials of this type have been created with varying success due to shortcomings that would affect large-scale clean up (for example, on the […]

Hearing hair cells grown in mice reverse deafness

The hairs in the ear that detect sounds (auditory hair cells) have been grown in mice whose hair cells had been damaged. The mice did not have their full hearing restored, but an increase in their measured hearing threshold was recorded. Rows of the auditory hair cells in the ear: Deafness due to hair cell […]

Antarctic drilling difficulties

On Saturday the search for life beneath the ice in the Antarctic ran into a complication with the main boiler used to heat the water that powers the drill by melting through the thick ice. A circuit controlling the primary burner – required to start the boiler and so begin drilling – failed to start […]

Voyager 1 nears interstellar space

The Voyager spacecraft have been on a trajectory towards the edge of the solar system for 35 years, since they completed their first mission to tour the outer planets. Voyager 1 is currently the most distant man-made object from Earth and is close to becoming the first to enter interstellar space, the region outside of […]

Britain to Australia in four hours and the future of space flight

  Passengers can to fly to Australia in four hours (instead of around 23 hours) with the help of a new engine cooling system invented by British scientists to revolutionise space flight. The new ‘Sabre’ (Synergistic Air-breathing Rocket Engine) cycle air-cooling system engine is capable of cooling the air entering it from 1,000°C to -150°C […]

Climate Change talks in Qatar

Over 17 000 delegates are expected to fly into Doha, Qatar, for talks on climate change over the next two weeks. Some commentators are confident that the talks could make real progress towards cuts in carbon emissions. Others are sceptical. We can’t help cringeing at the irony of all those air miles, the factt hat […]

Meningitis B vaccine

  The Bexsero or 4CMenB vaccine, which protects against group B meningococcus, has recently been granted a licence for the immunisation of children older than two months. Meningitis is characterised by the inflammation of the meninges (the protective linings of the brain and spinal cord). Infection by a variety of organisms, including bacteria, viruses and […]

Drilling into Subglacial Lakes in the Antarctic

  Subglacial lakes are formed when geothermal heat beneath Antarctica melts the ice from below. Gravity and ice pressure cause this water to flow and collect in the valleys of the continent, far beneath the surface of the ice.  Lake Ellsworth is a subglacial lake beneath the West Antarctic Ice Sheet, covered by around 3.4 […]

Telomere length and risk of dying

  Telomeres – protective regions on the ends of chromosomes preventing the DNA from being eaten away– may be linked to risk of dying, according to a new study. Telomeres are regions of nucleotide sequences that repeat at each end of chromosomes. They prevent the chromosomes from deteriorating or fusing with another chromosome. They shorten […]

Ancient genetic building blocks found in cyanobacteria?

  Before DNA, scientists believe that the molecule that encoded genetic instructions was RNA. But what came before RNA? AEG is a minute molecule that can link together to form chains, thus providing a backbone for peptide nucleic acids. It could be the answer according to scientists from the US and Sweden who found the […]

Update on Ash dieback disease

It has been confirmed by the Environment Secretary Owen Paterson that the disease will not be able to be eradicated from the countryside. Efforts are now being focused on slowing the spread of the disease and encouraging resistance to it. Mature trees – which are important for wildlife – are being left whilst younger diseased […]

Ash dieback disease

Out of 92% of the sites surveyed in England and all of Wales the presence of ‘Ash dieback disease’, caused by the Chalara fraxinea fungus, has been reported at 115 sites, and seven sites in Scotland. It is characterised by loss of leaves and crown dieback, possibly leading to tree death. Trees in forests, urban […]

Origins of Hurricane Sandy

Hurricane Sandy – also known as ‘Frankenstorm’ – started in the Caribbean Sea on the 19th of October 2012 and was deemed to only have a 20% chance of developing into a superstorm by the U.S National Hurricane Centre. Climatic conditions, however, were to pull winds in this area into a counter clockwise rotation, and […]

Abdominal ‘window’ in mice helps scientists understand how tumours come together

Titanium rings containing a panel of glass were implanted into the abdominal wall of mice in an effort to observe the spread of cancer (tumour metastasis) which occurs when cells from a primary tumour migrate to other parts of the body where they may come together to form secondary tumours. This mechanism of this is […]

Brain trace found to ‘detect autism’

In a trial involving almost a thousand children, an EEG brain trace (used to record electrical brain activity) has shown differences between those with autism and those without. Scientists have found evidence from children aged from two to twelve, over thirty-three different EEG patterns. More work is needed to confirm it. To read more, see: […]