A review into the influenza virus, its spread, drug resistance and the steps taken to reduce outbreaks

Posted Leave a commentPosted in Biology

Abstract Humans have made remarkable progress, and even today they are at the stage of controlling and managing certain aspects of human biology by extending lifespan and gene cloning. Although scientific research has precluded the expansion of multiple diseases in retrospect, a virus remains to be the greatest prospective threat to global health. This research […]

Why is ‘octasulphur’ the most stable form of sulphur?

Posted Leave a commentPosted in Chemistry

Figure 1: sulphur Molecule   Abstract: The periodic table is composed of 118 discovered elements. Each of them has unique properties differentiating it from the other. However, elements can be classified into different categories based on some specific criteria. One of the most common ways of classifying elements is as metals, nonmetals and metalloids. Sulphur […]

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Using Bluetooth RSSI Values to Classify Proximity with Deep Neural Networks for COVID-19 Contact Tracing

Posted 2 CommentsPosted in Computer Science

Abstract The Radio Signal Strength Indication (RSSI) obtained by Bluetooth can be used to estimate the proximity and duration of an individual’s exposure to patients diagnosed with COVID-19. This is because as the RSSI signal becomes stronger with the help of an rf amplifier, it indicates a closer proximity. This proximity information can be used […]

Neurological and Cardiovascular Complications in COVID-19

Posted Leave a commentPosted in Medicine

Abstract: The COVID-19 pandemic has infected patients who have died of stroke and myocardial injury. The purpose of this study is to identify the neurological and cardiovascular complications of COVID-19. A systematic study has been performed on PubMed. Patients with a history of comorbidities (including stroke, cardiovascular disease, hypertension, and diabetes) are correlated with a […]

Demographic Bias in Unemployment Across the U.S. during the 2020 COVID-19 Pandemic

Posted Leave a commentPosted in Computer Science

Abstract COVID-19 has been reported to disproportionately affect minorities in terms of mortality rate1, so it was inquired whether this apparent discrimination also applied to unemployment rate. Through data analysis in Python and K-means clustering, an unsupervised machine learning algorithm based on minimising within-cluster variance to an average point known as a centroid, the bias […]

Measuring Withdrawal Behavior in Planaria Following Exposure to Fentanyl and Cocaine

Posted Leave a commentPosted in Medicine

Abstract People addicted to drugs of abuse experience withdrawal effects as they try to become sober. This withdrawal behavior can be studied in a simple model system: planaria, a type of freshwater flatworm. Using planaria, this study measured the withdrawal effects of fentanyl, a potent opioid, and cocaine, a widespread psychostimulant. We hypothesized that longer […]

Athletic Prosthetics: Creation and Controversy

Posted Leave a commentPosted in Engineering

Approximately two million Americans live with limb loss; many amputees rely on prosthetic devices to help them overcome physical and mental obstacles [1]. Prosthetic devices are engineered to replace missing body parts such as limbs, organs and bones. Over the past few years, innovations in materials engineering, 3D printing and computer-aided design have allowed for […]

Neurorehabilitation of Paralysis Patients using Brain Computer Interfaces

Posted Leave a commentPosted in Medicine

Abstract Brain-Computer Interfaces (BCI) acquire and translate brain signals from a patient to carry out some action on an external device. BCIs may collect these data signals through invasive, semi-invasive, or non-invasive techniques. Such techniques include electroencephalography (EEG), functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI), and Electrocorticography (ECoG). This review will aim to understand the development of […]

FOXM1 Inhibition by Thiazole Antibiotic Thiostrepton as a Novel Cancer Therapeutic Agent

Posted 1 CommentPosted in Biology

Introduction Forkhead Box 1 (FOXM1) is an oncogenic transcription factor possessing a winged-helix DNA-binding domain whose inhibition has potential as a novel cancer therapeutic agent. It is directly involved in cell-cycle progression and stress-induced apoptosis but has also been associated with DNA damage repair and cellular transportation[1]. Thiazole antibiotics such as thiostrepton have been identified […]

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The Effect of Brain Hacking on High School Students Likelihood of Social Media Addiction, Relationship Strength, and Willingness to Participate in Precarious Behavior

Posted Leave a commentPosted in Policy and Ethics

Abstract Technology companies implement brain hacking in their apps and devices in order to make their users spend more time on apps and devices. High schoolers, who are among those who spend the most time on their technological devices, may be affected in terms of social media addiction, connectedness with others, and the willingness to […]

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What challenges would a lichen need to overcome to survive on Mars?

Posted Leave a commentPosted in Biology

Abstract: In recent decades, much research has been conducted relating to the potential habitability of Mars. One angle this can take is trying to understand if certain hardy organisms could survive if transplanted from Earth to Mars. Research can focus on what vulnerabilities ultimately limit the survivability of a given organism or what challenges and […]

On replicating the Morpho Butterfly’s Structural Color

Posted Leave a commentPosted in Physics

Abstract: The objective of this article is to explore the existing efforts in the study of replicating the Morpho butterfly’s structural color in order to create artificial colorings that may be longer lasting and more environmental-friendly which has the potential to offer a better way to color various products. The article gives an overview of […]

Can Genetic Modification Save the Oceans?

Posted Leave a commentPosted in Biology

Abstract This article will explore the importance of coral, the process by which coral “bleaches” under duress from rising ocean temperatures, and how this can be combated using gene editing techniques. CRISPR, a revolutionary technique for genetic modification, can be used to replace the genes of heat-sensitive coral with rare genes belonging to heat-resistant corals […]

What Are Fractals and Could They Be the Key to Creating an Automated Cancer Diagnosis System?

Posted 1 CommentPosted in Mathematics

Abstract Cancerous cells can be detected in many ways, one of which uses fractal dimension (a number that describes the complexity of a shape). We analyse the “box counting” method of finding the fractal dimension of an object and the application that this has in finding the fractal dimension of an animal cell. We review […]