Demographic Bias in Unemployment Across the U.S. during the 2020 COVID-19 Pandemic

Posted Leave a commentPosted in Computer Science

Abstract COVID-19 has been reported to disproportionately affect minorities in terms of mortality rate1, so it was inquired whether this apparent discrimination also applied to unemployment rate. Through data analysis in Python and K-means clustering, an unsupervised machine learning algorithm based on minimising within-cluster variance to an average point known as a centroid, the bias […]

Measuring Withdrawal Behavior in Planaria Following Exposure to Fentanyl and Cocaine

Posted Leave a commentPosted in Medicine

Abstract People addicted to drugs of abuse experience withdrawal effects as they try to become sober. This withdrawal behavior can be studied in a simple model system: planaria, a type of freshwater flatworm. Using planaria, this study measured the withdrawal effects of fentanyl, a potent opioid, and cocaine, a widespread psychostimulant. We hypothesized that longer […]

Athletic Prosthetics: Creation and Controversy

Posted Leave a commentPosted in Engineering

Approximately two million Americans live with limb loss; many amputees rely on prosthetic devices to help them overcome physical and mental obstacles [1]. Prosthetic devices are engineered to replace missing body parts such as limbs, organs and bones. Over the past few years, innovations in materials engineering, 3D printing and computer-aided design have allowed for […]

Neurorehabilitation of Paralysis Patients using Brain Computer Interfaces

Posted Leave a commentPosted in Medicine

Abstract Brain-Computer Interfaces (BCI) acquire and translate brain signals from a patient to carry out some action on an external device. BCIs may collect these data signals through invasive, semi-invasive, or non-invasive techniques. Such techniques include electroencephalography (EEG), functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI), and Electrocorticography (ECoG). This review will aim to understand the development of […]

FOXM1 Inhibition by Thiazole Antibiotic Thiostrepton as a Novel Cancer Therapeutic Agent

Posted 1 CommentPosted in Biology

Introduction Forkhead Box 1 (FOXM1) is an oncogenic transcription factor possessing a winged-helix DNA-binding domain whose inhibition has potential as a novel cancer therapeutic agent. It is directly involved in cell-cycle progression and stress-induced apoptosis but has also been associated with DNA damage repair and cellular transportation[1]. Thiazole antibiotics such as thiostrepton have been identified […]

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The Effect of Brain Hacking on High School Students Likelihood of Social Media Addiction, Relationship Strength, and Willingness to Participate in Precarious Behavior

Posted Leave a commentPosted in Policy and Ethics

Abstract Technology companies implement brain hacking in their apps and devices in order to make their users spend more time on apps and devices. High schoolers, who are among those who spend the most time on their technological devices, may be affected in terms of social media addiction, connectedness with others, and the willingness to […]

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What challenges would a lichen need to overcome to survive on Mars?

Posted Leave a commentPosted in Biology

Abstract: In recent decades, much research has been conducted relating to the potential habitability of Mars. One angle this can take is trying to understand if certain hardy organisms could survive if transplanted from Earth to Mars. Research can focus on what vulnerabilities ultimately limit the survivability of a given organism or what challenges and […]

On replicating the Morpho Butterfly’s Structural Color

Posted Leave a commentPosted in Physics

Abstract: The objective of this article is to explore the existing efforts in the study of replicating the Morpho butterfly’s structural color in order to create artificial colorings that may be longer lasting and more environmental-friendly which has the potential to offer a better way to color various products. The article gives an overview of […]

Can Genetic Modification Save the Oceans?

Posted Leave a commentPosted in Biology

Abstract This article will explore the importance of coral, the process by which coral “bleaches” under duress from rising ocean temperatures, and how this can be combated using gene editing techniques. CRISPR, a revolutionary technique for genetic modification, can be used to replace the genes of heat-sensitive coral with rare genes belonging to heat-resistant corals […]

What Are Fractals and Could They Be the Key to Creating an Automated Cancer Diagnosis System?

Posted Leave a commentPosted in Mathematics

Abstract Cancerous cells can be detected in many ways, one of which uses fractal dimension (a number that describes the complexity of a shape). We analyse the “box counting” method of finding the fractal dimension of an object and the application that this has in finding the fractal dimension of an animal cell. We review […]

Investigating the Impact of Atmospheric Oxygen Concentration on the Growth of an Unknown Bacterial Consortium

Posted Leave a commentPosted in Biology

Abstract: This investigation is attempting to provide useful information in regard to the commercial use of bacterial starter cultures, and determine their optimal growth conditions. This is in order to establish the most economically viable production method, and controlling factors such as pH and atmospheric oxygen concentration in a Lactobacillus fermentation — for producing yogurt […]

Can an ancient medical approach address modern ailments?

Posted Leave a commentPosted in Biology, Medicine

Figure 1: A family heirloom. The author’s great-grandfather kept a diary of Ayurvedic treatments. Abstract Traditional treatments, although not yet widely acknowledged in modern medical settings, are gradually attracting new attention from the scientific community. The increasing understanding of the gut microbiome aligns particularly well with Ayurvedic approaches. This paper aims to explore areas in […]

Relationship of Neck Dimensions and Height in Different Breeds of Horses: Possible Connection to Equine Recurrent Laryngeal Neuropathy

Posted 1 CommentPosted in Biology

Abstract Recurrent laryngeal neuropathy (RLN) is a condition involving dysfunction of the recurrent laryngeal nerve in horses which results in paralysis of the left side of the larynx and obstruction of the upper airway. The condition has been studied extensively and previous studies have shown the prevalence of RLN increases as the height and neck […]