RNA interference: the molecules that govern genetic control

Posted Leave a commentPosted in Biology

Introduction Humans are highly complex, multicellular organisms with millions of cells specialised for particular functions via distinct morphologies and chemistry. The process by which various cell types are generated from one universal type during development is known as cellular differentiation, and is driven by changes in gene expression in response to environmental changes. Different patterns […]

Martha Chase: The Underappreciated Geneticist

Posted Leave a commentPosted in Biology, Other

Martha Chase was an American geneticist. In 1952, during the “Hershey-Chase Experiments,” she accompanied Alfred Hershey, helping to experimentally confirm that DNA, not protein, is the genetic material of life [1]. This discovery was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1969, yet excluded Chase [2]. There is not much information about the […]

CRISPR CAS-9: How a biological enigma lead to today’s most widely used gene editing technology

Posted Leave a commentPosted in Biology, Rosalind Franklin day

It started out as an oddity. A sequence of viral DNA in the genome of a bacteria, as out of place as a bull in a china shop. A curious observation led to the latest method for editing genes: CRISPR. CRISPR (Clustered Regularly Interspaced Short Palindromic Repeats) are sequences of viral DNA found in bacterial […]

Introducing Project reSTEM

Posted Leave a commentPosted in reSTEM, YSJ

Introducing reSTEM. Empowering youth to reimagine the future.   Fact 1: The United States has the largest and best research output in the world annually. Fact 2: The United States has the highest student participation in research through science fairs, research programs etc. Coincidence? We, at the Young Scientists Journal, believe it isn’t. Youth participation […]

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The Emotional Brain

Posted 1 CommentPosted in Biology, Neuroscience, World Brain Day

by Alyssa Khoo Abstract Emotions play one of the most integral roles in human experience and yet are often considered one of the most enigmatic to explain scientifically.[1] Evolutionarily speaking, emotions contribute greatly to the ability to survive. For instance, fear would trigger an almost instantaneous ‘fight or flight’ response to allow an individual to […]

AI and biological consciousness – is there a connection?

Posted Leave a commentPosted in Biology, Computer Science, World Brain Day

Lucy Chen Artificial intelligence has existed since the 1950s, and underpins all technology in modern society. From monitoring Amazon transactions to self-driving cars, almost every product used today runs on intelligent machines. One of the most recognisable systems of artificial intelligence is the artificial neural network (ANN), which is loosely modelled after the animal neocortex- […]

CAN THE DE BROGLIE RELATION BE MODIFIED FOR ACCOMMODATING RELATIVISTIC MODIFICATIONS IN THE SCHRÖDINGER EQUATION?

Posted Leave a commentPosted in Physics

  by Arpan Dey Abstract The main objective of the present paper is to investigate the de Broglie relation [1] and determine its consequences on the time-independent Schrödinger equation [2], and whether the results are valid in terms of accommodating relativistic corrections in the Schrödinger equation. The de Broglie relation has been modified by considering […]

Tetrahedral Shoelace Method: Calculating Volume of Irregular Solids

Posted Leave a commentPosted in Mathematics

Abstract Calculating the volume of regular and irregular solids is an important task in nearly all branches of science including Engineering, Mathematics, Computer Science, and Bioinformatics, and other real world applications, such as volumetric estimation in coal reserve,[1] volume of dam design in a valley, volume of volcano on Mars, or estimating the volume of […]