Biology

How should funding for research into post-ischaemic stroke treatment be prioritised?

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Table of Contents Abstract 0 Introduction 1 Background 2 Natural repair mechanism following a stroke 2 Current treatments for stroke 4 Neurogenesis-promoting treatments 5 Monoclonal antibodies 6 Small molecule drugs 7 Growth factors 8 Stem cell therapy 9 Neural stem cells 10 Mesenchymal stem cells 10 Embryonic stem cells 10 Induced pluripotent stem cells 11 […]

Michael Faraday's birthday

Michael Faraday

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Have you ever wondered what the future holds in terms of advances in technology and medicine? The answer is nanoscience and nanotechnology and the story of this magnificent discovery takes us back to 1856 to a man named Michael Faraday. Michael Faraday is one of the most well-known scientists in history and he led the […]

Computer Science

Medical Image Translation Using Convolutional Neural Networks

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Deep convolutional neural network — DCNN - Deep Learning with Keras

Ashwin K. Avula (Student)1, Gian Marco. Conte M.D., Ph.D. (Mentor)2, Bradley J. Erickson M.D., Ph.D. (Mentor)2 I.Abstract Gliomas are a category of tumors that affect the brain and spinal regions. These tumors are known to grow alongside and infiltrate normal brain tissue, making surgical removal difficult and complicating treatment procedures.[1] In these cases, several Magnetic […]

Astronomy

The Effectiveness of “Pre-computed Vector Space and Interpolation” Method on the Computing Time for an n-body Simulation

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Abstract In the field of physics and astronomy, -body simulations are widely used tools to simulate particles under the influence of gravitational forces, and they are generally made using an algorithm that is almost a brute-force approach, as it computes all pairwise gravitational forces by solving for computational differential equation solutions using algorithms like the […]

Biology

Aerobic Respiration and Anticancer Treatment

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Abstract This article is an overview of aerobic cellular respiration and how the process can be influenced by glycolytic inhibitors as a potential cancer treatment.In the presence of oxygen, glucose undergoes a series of reactions characterised by the overall term “aerobic respiration” in order to synthesise ATP, which is crucial to muscle contraction and movement. […]

Biology

Covid-19: A guide to epidemiology

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 By Raman Gnanalingham Abstract In this article, I will outline the key features of epidemiology, which is the study of epidemics. This will be in relation to the current Covid-19 outbreak, caused by the SARS-CoV-2 virus. I will also discuss the susceptibility of certain population demographics and the reasons as to why the virus has […]

Computer Science

A Low-Cost Prototype Classroom Attendance Checker and Logger Using Facial Recognition

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Ian Gabriel C. Santillan Ateneo de Davao University Senior High School, Davao City, PH [email protected] Abstract Facial recognition is a category of biometric software that maps a person’s facial highlights and stores them as a faceprint. It works by contrasting chosen facial highlights from a given picture with faces in a database. Commercially available systems […]

Biology

The future of cancer diagnosis and treatment through nanomedicine. Is a personalised approach via nanoparticles achievable?

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Question The future of cancer diagnosis and treatment through nanomedicine. Is a personalised approach via nanoparticles achievable? Abstract Cancer is one of the major factors contributing to global mortality rates, contributing to one out of six deaths world wide. Traditional methods for diagnosis and treatment are often not precise enough to accurately map out the […]

Biology

A Cambridge-London Symbiosis

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“A scientific discovery, invention or advance that still affects the world today” ABSTRACT This article discusses the impact of Watson and Crick’s model of DNA structure as published in the journal, ‘Nature’ in April 1953. Discussed is the significance for personalised and genomic medicine, as the future of the field and progress in prophylaxis. Reflection […]

Physics

Motion Analysis of the Water Bottle Flip

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Abstract The study was started to analyze the widely known ‘bottle flip’ phenomenon. The bottle flip is when a half-filled water bottle stands upright when thrown. It is difficult to analyze the motion because the distribution of fluids in a bottle is constantly changing. Thus, a parabolic motion model was constructed to analyze the motion […]

Astronomy

NASA’s Research on the International Space Station

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Hazal A. Kara Introduction to the ISS The International Space Station (ISS) is a large spacecraft that orbits the Earth at 90-minute intervals [1]. Many countries are involved in the ISS collaboration: the USA, Canada, Japan, Russia, and member states of the European Space Agency. The first piece of the ISS was launched in 1998, […]

Health

Is adrenaline life-saving or deadly? Should it be the standard of care treatment for cardiopulmonary resuscitation?

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Abstract Adrenaline is commonly used in the treatment of anaphylaxis and cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR). However, its use in CPR may cause adverse neurological effects. Moreover, adrenaline overdose and overexposure to adrenaline may both lead to fatality. This is a literature review on the mechanism of action of adrenaline, its uses, and its effects. Adrenaline is […]