Galilean Advances to 16th-17th Century Science

Posted Leave a commentPosted in Galileo birthday

Abstract: Galileo Galilei, an astronomer, physicist, and philosopher of the 16th and 17th centuries is credited with the discovery of several scientific instruments and phenomena that contribute further to the understanding of modern science.[1] At the time in Italy, even when religion was dominant, he was one of the primary proponents of scientific innovation over […]

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The Role of Replicase Polyprotein 1ab in SARS-CoV-2 and the Analysis of its Cleavage Sites

Posted Leave a commentPosted in Biology

Abstract The 2019 novel coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2) has caused a major pandemic affecting millions of people. The virus is a beta coronavirus and is closely related to the MERS and other SARS viruses. Replicase Polyprotein 1ab is the key polyprotein which is vital for virus replication as it contains the key proteinases that are responsible for […]

Single Chamber MFC: Role of Extracellular Phosphate in Heavy Metal Precipitation

Posted Leave a commentPosted in Environment

Nathan M. Tidball Wilsonville High School 5/1/20 All test and data collection conducted at Wilsonville High School under Jim O’Connell Wilsonville, Oregon, USA Abstract MFC (Microbial Fuel Cells) take advantage of specific ion-producing exoelectrogenic bacteria (Geobacter sulfurreducens [G. Sulfurreducens]) which create conductive, current-producing, biofilms on carbon-based electrodes. The aim of this research is to explore […]

Replacing YAG-phosphors with perovskite nanocrystals on LEDs

Posted Leave a commentPosted in Materials Science

Victor J. A. Wesselingh, Tim Meijer, Haci E. Halici and Caspar Y. J. Waterham Abstract In a world dominated by screens it is shocking to realise that today’s commonly used screens cannot display all the colours perceived by the human eye [1], [2], [3]. The world seen through our eyes is still more vivid than […]

Mild Solvothermal Synthesis and Characterisation of Sulfur Rich Cu2-xS Nanocrystals with Varied Sulfur Precursors for Thermoelectrics

Posted Leave a commentPosted in Materials Science

Chong Ka Shing1, Tam Teck Lip Dexter2 1Student, River Valley High School 2Institute of Materials Research and Engineering, A*STAR ABSTRACT Recent studies have proven that several Cu2-xS compounds display satisfactory figure of merit (ZT values, which evaluate the conversion efficiency of a thermoelectric material. In this study, sulfur rich Cu2-xS nanocrystals were synthesised with dithiooxamide […]

Interview with Prof. Sara Seager

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Prof. Sara Seager is a professor of Earth, Atmospheric and Planetary Sciences at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. She also holds professorships in the departments of Physics and Aeronautics & Astronautics. Her research is in the fields of planetary science and astrophysics and focuses on the search for habitable exoplanets by detecting certain “biosignature” gases […]

Interview with Prof. Barbara Ryden

Posted Leave a commentPosted in Interview

Prof. Barbara Ryden is a Professor of Astronomy at the Ohio State University. She is a self-described “Cosmos Mariner: Destination Unknown”. Apart from pursuing research in galaxies and large scale structure, she is a successful textbook-writer: her book “Introduction to Cosmology” won the Chambliss Astronomy Writing Award. I came to know of Prof. Ryden through […]


In silica development of a novel DNA-directed interfering RNA fragment to treat SARS-CoV-2

Posted Leave a commentPosted in Biology

Ananya Vittaladevuni, Ishya Mukkamula, Saahil Das, Soumya Suresh Center for Advanced Study, Fremont, California Abstract: The SARS-CoV-2 pandemic, identified in November 2019 in Wuhan, China1, has killed more than 250,000 people and has hospitalized countless others2. In order to mitigate the virus’s effect on the human body, we developed an RNA fragment that may silence […]

Cotard’s Syndrome: The Real Walking Dead

Posted 1 CommentPosted in Medicine

Shruthi Ganesh Abstract Cotard’s syndrome is a rare condition where patients deny the existence of certain parts of their body, have delusions of immortality, and even believe that they are deceased. First observed by Dr. Jules Cotard, the syndrome has multiple symptoms including nihilistic delusions, depression, and anxiety, and it often accompanies other psychological disorders. […]

Why is it important that highly infectious pathogens are studied, and how does this impact future healthcare?

Posted Leave a commentPosted in Medicine

Abstract Author: Bax AJ Affiliations: Bolton School Girls’ Division, Bolton Background: In light of the current pandemic, it is essential to understand whether prevention measures can reduce the negative effects of highly infectious pathogens on the population, with regards to morbidity, mortality, social and financial repercussions. This vital research highlights whether this would be possible […]

Comparing the Different Vaccines Available

Posted Leave a commentPosted in Vaccines

INTRODUCTION Globally, there are currently over 50 candidates for vaccines against COVID-19 in clinical trials [1]. The following is a comparison between the three most popular candidates as of now. 1) Pfizer-BioNTech Vaccine The Pfizer-BioNTech Vaccine is an mRNA vaccine developed by German Biotechnology company BioNTech along with the American pharmaceutical corporation Pfizer. It makes […]

Could a fish be the key to curing this human disease?

Posted 1 CommentPosted in Medicine

Abstract Figure 1: Zebrafish swimming in an artificial fish tank [photographed by Steven Senne, 2017] Parkinson’s disease (PD) is a neurodegenerative condition which causes deterioration of certain parts of the brain over time. It can be identified by the symptoms of tremors, stiffness and slowness of movement. The less noticeable symptoms, however, can be dementia […]

An Overview of Nuclear Medicine

Posted Leave a commentPosted in Medicine, Physics

Shriya Subramanian Abstract Nuclear medicine is a medical specialty that makes use of radiation in two primary areas of medicine: the diagnosis and the treatment of disease. There are various techniques used for diagnosis such as Single Photon Emission Computed Tomography (SPECT) and Positron Emission Tomography (PET), which are collectively known as nuclear imaging. The […]

How the Coronavirus pandemic has highlighted America’s Racial Disparity

Posted Leave a commentPosted in Covid-19, Medicine

Anoushka Umranikar and Arnav Umranikar All statistics correct as of May 3rd, 2020. Introduction The COVID-19 coronavirus pandemic has had devastating social and economic impacts on families, communities and countries around the world. As of the 3rd of May, there have been 8,990,547 cases and 468,328 deaths. [3] What has become apparent is that the […]