500th Anniversary of Leonardo Da Vinci’s Death

Posted Leave a commentPosted in Biology, Engineering, Magazine

Today, to mark the 500th anniversary of his death, we pay tribute to one of the greatest minds humankind has ever had: Leonardo Da Vinci. Leonardo Da Vinci: Artist or Scientist? (Sona Popat) Leonardo Da Vinci (Figure 1), who was born on April 15th, 1452 and died on May 2nd, 1519, was an Italian polymath, […]

Earth Day 2019- Protect our Species!

Posted Leave a commentPosted in Environment, Magazine

The first Earth Day was held nearly 50 years ago in 1970 when 20 million Americans united to launch a modern environmental movement. Since then, many innovative laws have been passed as a result of these annual mobilisations. Within a year, it lead to the formation of the United States Environmental Protection Agency, as well […]

Investigating the Effect of Atmospheric Pressure on Cosmic Ray Intensity

Posted Leave a commentPosted in Physics

Abstract The High School Project on Astrophysics Research with Cosmics (HiSPARC) comprises a network of cosmic ray detectors across Europe that are used by secondary school students to investigate high energy cosmic rays. This project uses the detector at King Edward VI High School for Girls to investigate the effect of atmospheric pressure on the […]

Project BEAVER: A Budget-Effective Aquatic Vehicle for Environmental Research

Posted Leave a commentPosted in Engineering, Environment

Abstract Within the past few centuries, human population growth and increasing urbanisation have led to the deterioration of many freshwater and marine habitats. To conserve aquatic ecosystems, it is essential to better understand the responses of the habitats to such factors. The purpose of this project was to construct an Unmanned Untethered Vehicle (UUV) for […]

Current Stratification and Circulation Behaviour of the Elfrath Lake: An Apparent Indication of Climate Change in the Lower Rhine Region

Posted Leave a commentPosted in Environment

Abstract This work reports a revision to the stratification and circulation behaviour of the Elfrath Lake in the Lower Rhine region, Germany. Usually lakes in these temperate latitudes present a dimictic circulation, with two phases of stagnation and two phases of circulation each year. However, measurements taken during this investigation show an increasingly monomictic circulation, […]

An Experimental Study Evaluating the Role of an Osteoconductive Scaffold in the Treatment of Alveolar Cleft in a Rabbit Model

Posted 1 CommentPosted in Health, Medicine

All use of animals in these experiments, including surgeries and euthanasia, were performed at the New York University (NYU), following the Institutional Animal Care and Use Committee approval. Abstract The current gold standard of care for alveolar (constituting the part of the jaws where the teeth arise)[1] bone clefts or any bone defects is an […]

The Feasibility of Implementing Biosand Filters to Recycle Water in a School Environment

Posted 1 CommentPosted in Biology, Environment

Abstract The biosand filter is a slow sand water filtration system that is widely used in developing countries. The filter works through the use of a biological layer to kill pathogens in the water. The focus of this research was to determine the effectiveness of a biosand filter in relation to its ability to filter […]

30th Birthday of the World Wide Web

Posted Leave a commentPosted in Blogs, Technology

 1989. Geneva. Tim Berners-Lee presented his new technological invention to his boss, Mike Sendall, at the European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN). Initially described by his boss as ‘vague but exciting’[1], that discovery was the World Wide Web, an innovation that brought together the Internet and hypertext (hyperlinks), allowing information to be retrieved from the […]

YSJ Celebrates International Women’s Day 2019!

Posted 1 CommentPosted in Blogs

YSJ team members Sophie Obomighie, Jennifer Miess and Roberto Parisi collaborated to recognise some inspirational young women in STEM, in celebration of International Women’s Day 2019.     Let us ask you about female scientists you know. Marie Curie, Lise Meitner and maybe you’ll even mention Angela Merkel, studied physicist and now German chancellor. That’s it. […]

The Adsorption of Heavy Metals and Phosphates from Stormwater Using Waste Oyster and Crab Shells

Posted Leave a commentPosted in Environment

Abstract Each year, 6-8 million tonnes of waste shells are discarded, neglecting a valuable resource. The purpose of this experiment was to tap into this resource and determine which shell would most effectively adsorb pollutants from stormwater.  The hypothesis: if different types of shells are tested to clean stormwater, the kiln-heated crab shells will adsorb […]

The lesser known truth about Zimbardo’s glorified Prison Life study

Posted Leave a commentPosted in Biology, Blogs, Psychology

In 1973, Zimbardo, Haney and Banks[1] revealed to the world the extent to which ordinary people could conform and become cruel, merciless and vindictive in their infamous Stanford Prison Life Study. 22 male students were randomly assigned into two groups: prisoners and guards. Within hours of starting the experiment, the guards had adopted their roles […]

Implementing circulating miRNAs, tumour DNA and other protein biomarkers in a precise and efficient liquid biopsy test for early cancer detection and localisation

Posted Leave a commentPosted in Medicine

Abstract Past research focused on liquid biopsy tests diagnosing and localising cancers have built much promise in this technique to uncover early stage tumours before metastasis. However, many issues such as low test accuracy, high false positive rates and overdiagnosis have prevented this test from being adopted. In this article, we propose and justify the […]

My Challenging and Rewarding Work Experience at The Cheshire and Wirral Partnership NHS Foundation Trust

Posted Leave a commentPosted in Blogs, Health, Medicine

As a sixth former, I need to find work experience in order to gain the crucial knowledge and understanding which will enrich my application to medical school. Initially I struggled to find a work placement having contacted at least 50 hospitals and GP practices around Manchester, Chester, Macclesfield, and Warrington. Fortunately, through a former classmate, […]