Professor Nergis Mavalvala

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Nergis Mavalvala [1] Introduction Nergis Mavalvala champions diversity as the Curtis and Kathleen Marble Professor of Astrophysics and the Associate Head of the Department of Physics at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) [1], a female in a male-dominated field, but that’s just the beginning. She is also a Pakistani-American, and openly queer. A professor […]

Alan Turing: The Pioneer and Revolutionary

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Alan Turning; Courtesy of The New York Times Abstract:  Alan Turing was a homosexual English mathematician, cryptanalyst, and computer scientist, known for his famous work in cracking the Nazi Germany communication code called the Enigma code and developing the first blueprints to what became the modern computer. However, aside from his revolutionary work in these […]

Joan Roughgarden and Social Selection

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Joan Roughgarden, courtesy of Stanford University Profiles  LGBTQ+ Pride month is celebrated every June in remembrance of the Stonewall riots to champion the dignity and visibility of LGBTQ+ individuals. It is estimated that LGBT people are around  20% less represented in STEM fields than expected.1 Therefore, it is important we champion the inclusivity of LGBTQ+ individuals […]

Pride Month 2020

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A Pride Month protest taking place in New York City. Courtesy of Introduction  On June 26th, 1969, police in New York City had raided Stonewall Inn, a gay bar in Greenwich Village. The bar was just one among many havens for those in the gay, lesbian, bisexual, or transgender community. This riot had inspired […]

Smoking causes cancers in other parts of the body too; is it true?

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Although the scientific revelation between the causal correlation between smoking and lung cancer has now arguably become “common knowledge, many people seem unaware that lung cancer is not the only cancer that smokers become susceptible to. Smoking is known to cause at least 15 different types of cancer: lung, larynx, oesophagus, oral cavity, nasopharynx, pharynx, […]

The Chemistry of Tobacco Products

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Figure 1: Tobacco products. Courtesy of The Independent. Introduction Over 5000 chemicals can be found in tobacco smoke often having devastating carcinogenic, respiratory, or circulatory effects on the human body. The most common tobacco smoke caused deaths include cardiovascular disease, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease as well as various types of cancers, making it one of […]

‘It’s not smoking when it’s shisha’ – What you need to know about Hookahs

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Figure 1 – Socially accepted: group of young adults smoking hookah at a festival [1] Introduction Almost 50% of US-undergraduates report use of hookah[2] as well as almost 60% of British adolescents using cigarettes.[3] Every summer, I see dozens of people, most of whom are young adults, smoking shisha in public places, especially in bars […]

Can Technology Stop The Effects of Climate Change?

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  Introduction: Climate change has been a growing concern of many individuals around the globe. The following technologies could serve as potential solutions to the world’s increasing temperatures.   Biorock:  From bracelets to earrings one of the most diverse sea habitats lies at the heart of your very own brooch. Although this sea mineral is commonly […]

Ethiopia Planted Over 350 Million Trees in 12 Hours: Why Planting Trees Can Save the Environment

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Introduction: On July 29th, 2019, Ethiopia planted over 350 million trees in 12 hours. Although this has not yet been confirmed by Guinness, Ethiopia has unofficially broken the record for the most trees planted in one day. This was previously held by India, where over 50 million trees were planted across the country in 2016. […]

COVID-19 and Climate Change

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  COVID-19 and Climate Change: Can the Lockdown Lifestyle Help the Environment? With the advent of the coronavirus pandemic, declared on March 11, 2020, several nations around the globe have encouraged citizens to stay at home and practice social distancing. During the lockdown period, studies and satellite images have shown that carbon emissions have dropped […]