Blogs

Professor Nergis Mavalvala

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Nergis Mavalvala [1] Introduction Nergis Mavalvala champions diversity as the Curtis and Kathleen Marble Professor of Astrophysics and the Associate Head of the Department of Physics at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) [1], a female in a male-dominated field, but that’s just the beginning. She is also a Pakistani-American, and openly queer. A professor […]

Blogs

Alan Turing: The Pioneer and Revolutionary

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Alan Turning; Courtesy of The New York Times Abstract:  Alan Turing was a homosexual English mathematician, cryptanalyst, and computer scientist, known for his famous work in cracking the Nazi Germany communication code called the Enigma code and developing the first blueprints to what became the modern computer. However, aside from his revolutionary work in these […]

Other

Joan Roughgarden and Social Selection

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Joan Roughgarden, courtesy of Stanford University Profiles  LGBTQ+ Pride month is celebrated every June in remembrance of the Stonewall riots to champion the dignity and visibility of LGBTQ+ individuals. It is estimated that LGBT people are around  20% less represented in STEM fields than expected.1 Therefore, it is important we champion the inclusivity of LGBTQ+ individuals […]

Other

Pride Month 2020

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A Pride Month protest taking place in New York City. Courtesy of nycpride.org Introduction  On June 26th, 1969, police in New York City had raided Stonewall Inn, a gay bar in Greenwich Village. The bar was just one among many havens for those in the gay, lesbian, bisexual, or transgender community. This riot had inspired […]

Blogs

Tobacco Withdrawal and Coping Techniques

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Abstract: Smoking is one of the biggest problems that has hunted our society for decades. The usage of cigarettes, cigars, and pipes has led to a dangerous and addictive cycle attributing to the deaths of more than 100 million adults. This is because tobacco, the substance found in all these smoking methods, is made up […]

Biology

Smoking causes cancers in other parts of the body too; is it true?

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Although the scientific revelation between the causal correlation between smoking and lung cancer has now arguably become “common knowledge, many people seem unaware that lung cancer is not the only cancer that smokers become susceptible to. Smoking is known to cause at least 15 different types of cancer: lung, larynx, oesophagus, oral cavity, nasopharynx, pharynx, […]

Blogs

The Chemistry of Tobacco Products

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Figure 1: Tobacco products. Courtesy of The Independent. Introduction Over 5000 chemicals can be found in tobacco smoke often having devastating carcinogenic, respiratory, or circulatory effects on the human body. The most common tobacco smoke caused deaths include cardiovascular disease, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease as well as various types of cancers, making it one of […]

Other

We take their breath and life away

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It is a well-known fact that smoking is injurious to health and is linked to several diseases, including cancer. Many campaigns promote anti-smoking by highlighting the devastating effects it has on your body. However, did you know that smoking endangers animals too? From domestic pets to wild sea turtles to mutilated lab rats, smoking severely […]

Blogs

An Overview on Electronic Cigarettes: Health and Environmental Concerns

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Introduction: What are electronic cigarettes? Electronic cigarette is a term used to describe electronic nicotine delivery systems (ENDS), which are noncombustible tobacco products. These products use a liquid solution that contains nicotine including ingredients such as flavorings, propylene glycol, and vegetable glycerin. However, the chemical composition of e-cigarettes vary. They are different from regular cigarettes […]

Blogs

Tobacco’s Impact on the Brain and Neural Function

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Abstract: Tobacco usage is known to be one of the leading causes of death, with 7 million worldwide dying each year as a result of smoking cigarettes, or chewing tobacco products.[1] There are also many around the world that do not smoke, but inhale cigarette smoke as a result of being exposed to smokers, in […]

Climate Change

Re-evaluating Earth Day

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Earth Day sprung into being at a time when not many government officials were focused on protecting the environment. Fifty years down the line, it’s succeeded in mobilising and uniting colossal groups of people to act today for a cleaner, greener tomorrow.This article examines Earth Day’s accomplishments to date,as well as the future of the […]

Earth Day

Hey, you- You’re a statistical wonder.

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A very average dead rock, by planetary standards. Then, about a billion years later, something quite miraculous happened- the first glimpses of life were seen, and they came from what seemed to be nothing. Since abiogenesis, Earth, and life on it, have been through a lot- from single celled creatures to underwater plants to animals […]

Earth Day

Can Technology Stop The Effects of Climate Change?

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  Introduction: Climate change has been a growing concern of many individuals around the globe. The following technologies could serve as potential solutions to the world’s increasing temperatures.   Biorock:  From bracelets to earrings one of the most diverse sea habitats lies at the heart of your very own brooch. Although this sea mineral is commonly […]

Earth Day

The Role of Generation Z in the Climate Change Movement

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Despite the theme for the 50th Earth Day being climate action, the last few years has seen mostly inaction and indecisiveness. Agreements have been signed, but then abandoned.  However, in recent years, there has been an important exception — teenagers. Many of them are sounding the alarm for urgent and immediate action, and inspiring thousands […]

Earth Day

Geoengineering: Worthwhile or Futile?

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Abstract  The theme for Earth Day 2020 is climate action. This may bring into mind environmental policy and implementation of sustainable practices such as the usage of renewable energy or water conservation in order to reduce the adverse effects of climate change. Geoengineering may also provide a solution. In this article, the two main branches […]

Earth Day

COVID-19 and Climate Change

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  COVID-19 and Climate Change: Can the Lockdown Lifestyle Help the Environment? With the advent of the coronavirus pandemic, declared on March 11, 2020, several nations around the globe have encouraged citizens to stay at home and practice social distancing. During the lockdown period, studies and satellite images have shown that carbon emissions have dropped […]