by Alyssa Khoo Abstract Emotions play one of the most integral roles in human experience and yet are often considered one of the most enigmatic to explain scientifically. Evolutionarily speaking, emotions contribute greatly to the ability to survive. For instance, fear would trigger an almost instantaneous ‘fight or flight’ response to allow an individual to […]
Hiu Yu Wong Try explaining the state of sleeping to an alien. “We spend a third of our lives lying down without perceiving the environment around us, and sometimes there’ll be imaginary stories happening in our head…” Indeed, the act of sleeping sounds absurd and impractical. Why do we waste our time on our bed […]
by Arpan Dey It is easier to believe that the sun would rise in the west than to think of a person today, who is not busy. But can we please, for a moment, consider something else? How many people, in today’s busy schedule, wonder about the universe, the mind; or in other words, the […]
Abstract People with Down syndrome (DS), an intellectual disability that limits cognitive ability, have a lower quality of life (QOL) compared to the typical population. There have been many studies exploring possible methods of increasing DS QOL: three key solutions are friendship, physical activity, and sheltered environments. Since extracurricular activities incorporate all three of these, […]
Abstract The nature of dream is private. It is impossible to render the dreaming experience public until scientists discovered the association between dreaming and activation of the brain, followed by the invention of neuroimaging tools, such as functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) and electroencephalogram (EEG), to study brain activities during dreaming. Hence, the construction of […]
Abstract Our world is one of much diversity, with over thirty million species of insects alone. What makes this diversity more incredible is the amount of similarities that many organisms share. These parallels can be harnessed in ways that allow us as humans to take advantage of our similarities with other organisms and use them […]
According to the NHS, 850,000 people in the UK suffer from dementia. Alzheimer’s disease is the most common form of dementia, but because of the lack of understanding of the disease and its pathology, there are currently no ways of treating it. However, a recent study by researchers at the University of Eastern Finland has […]
Acute Tubular Necrosis (ATN) From Intravenous Immune Globulin (IVIG) Treatment for Chronic Inflammatory Demyelinating Polyneuropathy (CIDP) Abstract: Infusions of IVIG are used to treat immune deficiency states, autoimmune disorders, and infections. IVIG Explanation and its relation to the Immune System: The immune system is a network of tissues and organs that work to defend the […]
A study by Zurafa Sakel. Abstract The aim of this study is to explore whether classical music can improve short term memory in healthy volunteers. This may help learning of healthy people. It may also have a positive impact on communication and interaction as well as reducing agitation in dementia patients. This standardised prospective […]
Imagine you are doing a multiple choice exam, and you know that you made a wrong choice in the first question. How would it affect how you answer the next question and your subsequent performance? Recent research finds out that our brain ‘pauses’ after we made a mistake, leading to the decrease in accuracy of […]
Can a computer think? This article explores the extent to which Artificial Intelligence is possible and how looking at our own brains may pave the way to more human-like data processing.
Genes located only on the Y chromosome are male specific and are thus not expressed in female cells, which results in gene dependent sex differences. One of the genes located on the Y chromosome and expressed only in male cells is Kdm5d. In our study, the hypothalamus was compared between female and male SF-1 KO, intact WT and gonadectomised WT mice to investigate the genetically and hormonally dependent differences between the expression of the protein encoded by the Kdm5d gene. Standard immunohistochemical staining on floating brain sections was used to visualize the Kdm5d protein and was further analysed under the microscope. Immunoexpression of Kdm5d protein was observed only in WT intact males, but was not detected in any other groups. This observation suggests that the expression of the Kdm5d protein is both genetically and hormonally conditioned. Further experiments with testosterone supplementation should be carried out to confirm our findings.
Here, we are faced with the fixed, biological complexity of the brain and the intricate concept, which is open to vast influential change, of one’s mind. The question proposes the task of whether the understanding of the brain or that of the mind holds more significance. However, what this discussion essentially requires is the […]
The brain is the most complicated organ in the human body and is integral to human life. It is made up of a network of billions of brain cells, called neurones, which communicate with each other by sending and receiving electrical signals or chemical neurotransmitters. These chemicals attach to receptors on the receiving neurone which […]
Until about 40 years ago it was only possible to study the workings of the brain of a living individual by their outward appearance and proposed symptoms. In 1977 the MRI (magnetic resonance imaging) scanner was developed and has since revolutionised the way in which we can investigate the anatomy and structure of the brain […]
Since everyone in Years 11 and above will be, or at least should be, studying for exams around this time of year, it might be fun to think about the actual process of learning/memory itself. Before we start though, it’s worth mentioning that with a topic like this it is far too easy to start considering […]