Optimal Paper Hydrolysis Methodology for Bioethanol Production

Posted 1 CommentPosted in Chemistry

Abstract The world has a large demand for fuel, and in particular, environmentally friendly fuels such as bioethanol. There has been a growing interest in using paper as a feedstock for bioethanol production, as this generates a two-fold effect of both removing waste from landfills and meeting global energy needs. Paper undergoes acid-based or enzymatic […]

Century eggs: What are they?

Posted Leave a commentPosted in Biology, Chemistry, Other

Abstract Century eggs are one of the traditional delicacies originating from China. This research investigated the difference between traditional and industrial methods of making century eggs, through various factors such as the number of steps required and time required for century eggs to complete their formation. Secondary to this comparison, the chemical process and scientific […]

Aerobic Respiration and Anticancer Treatment

Posted Leave a commentPosted in Biology, Chemistry

Abstract This article is an overview of aerobic cellular respiration and how the process can be influenced by glycolytic inhibitors as a potential cancer treatment.In the presence of oxygen, glucose undergoes a series of reactions characterised by the overall term “aerobic respiration” in order to synthesise ATP, which is crucial to muscle contraction and movement. […]

Genomic findings of ancestry in ITESM alumni in Mexico

Posted Leave a commentPosted in Biology, Chemistry

Abstract Could there be a pattern of the Mexican “race”? Or more precisely, are there any marks of ancestry in Morelos inhabitants? In this study, four eighteen-year-old, female students in their sixth semester at Tecnológico de Monterrey Campus Cuernavaca High School were screened with genomic analysis from the Mexican company Geno + ®, to obtain […]

A Review of Non-Nucleoside Reverse Transcriptase Inhibitors’ Structure and Activity with HIV-1 Reverse Transcriptase

Posted Leave a commentPosted in Biology, Chemistry

Abstract The human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) weakens the body’s immune system leading to the onset of acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS). Once the progression of HIV has led to AIDS, certain infections can be severely life-threatening when they normally are not. For years, researchers have been attempting to develop a complete cure for HIV, but current […]

Evaluating the Effectiveness and Efficiency of a Graphene-Oxide Water Filtration System

Posted Leave a commentPosted in Chemistry, Materials Science

Aaron Sarkar ABSTRACT Chemical contamination of drinking water is a major global health issue. While modern water filters treat some major contaminants, not all impurities can be filtered. Moreover, all filters are not cost-efficient and environmentally friendly. The current study aims to explore the effectiveness and efficiency of reduced graphene-oxide-coated sand as a water filter. […]

The Chemistry of Tobacco Products

Posted Leave a commentPosted in Blogs, Chemistry, Other, World No Tobacco Day

Figure 1: Tobacco products. Courtesy of The Independent. Introduction Over 5000 chemicals can be found in tobacco smoke often having devastating carcinogenic, respiratory, or circulatory effects on the human body. The most common tobacco smoke caused deaths include cardiovascular disease, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease as well as various types of cancers, making it one of […]

The Expiration Date on Life

Posted 1 CommentPosted in Biology, Chemistry

Abstract The article aims to educate and explain why all organisms have a life expectancy, looking at single-cell and their cell cycle, before scaling up to addressing why normal organisms die eventually. There is a cloud of confusion and curiosity surrounding longevity, and so whilst explaining why lobsters appear to live forever, or at least […]

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Psyllid Repelling Activity of Essential Oils and Calibration of Concentration of Essential Oils (Citrus Greening Disease)

Posted Leave a commentPosted in Chemistry

Asian citrus psyllid, Diaphorina citri   Table of Contents Abstract Introduction Materials Procedure Results Discussion Conclusion Acknowledgements Bibliography Abstract The Asian citrus psyllid is the vector for huanglongbing (citrus greening), a devastating disease caused by Candidatus Liberibacter. An infected psyllid feeds on a healthy citrus plant and injects the bacterium into the phloem of the […]

Transforming E. Coli with Custom Gene Fragment to Produce MP1 Cancer Fighting Peptide

Posted 1 CommentPosted in Biology, Chemistry, Health Sciences, Medicine

Abstract: According to Global Cancer Statistics, there were approximately 32.6 million cancer patients reported in 2015, making it one of the world’s most imminent health threats.[1] Currently, chemotherapy is the leading treatment given to cancer patients. Chemotherapy involves one or more drugs that interfere with mitosis using non-specific intracellular toxins. Almost all of the side […]

Review of the Biological Mechanisms of Acute and Cutaneous Porphyria

Posted Leave a commentPosted in Biology, Chemistry, Health Sciences, Medicine

Abstract: Porphyria is a rare group of genetic diseases involving the malfunction or reduced production of heme biosynthetic enzymes. This results in the accumulation of toxic precursors (substances that form the following substance during metabolic pathways) during metabolism, which if not cleared can lead to a variety of symptoms depending on the type of precursor. […]

Interdisciplinarity and the Periodic Table

Posted Leave a commentPosted in Chemistry, Environment, Other

What does the Periodic Table have in common with Greta Thunberg, global Communism and Martian invasions? Celebrating 150 years of the development of the Periodic Table allows us to take a closer look at how related discoveries have changed the future. Apparently, the Periodic Table isn’t only used by chemists; it is appreciated by physicists […]

Determining the Evolution of Groundwater Chemistry in Ingham County

Posted Leave a commentPosted in Chemistry

Abstract The purpose of this study was to determine how the water in Ingham County, Michigan has changed since it was last analysed in 1986. The results of the 1986 study indicated uncommon levels of chemicals in groundwater wells in the area. One unique case found was the naturally soft groundwater wells in Williamston, Michigan. […]

YSJ Conference 2018 – University of Nottingham

Posted Leave a commentPosted in Blogs, Chemistry, Conferences, Physics, YSJ

On the 17 September 2018 the annual Young Scientists Journal conference was held at the University of Nottingham. In the morning there was a talk by Phil Moriarty, who is a Professor of Physics and Astronomy at the University of Nottingham. He was presenting about the connection between heavy metal and quantum mechanics and explained […]

Get excited about the first Northern Conference…but who will be there?!

Posted Leave a commentPosted in Blogs, Chemistry, Physics, YSJ

For our first Northern YSJournal conference, we have four main speakers/workshops to enjoy throughout the day. First is the Kitchen Chemistry workshop with Dr Stephen Ashworth, who aside from being a full time lecturer at UAE travels around the country presenting awesome science shows. A strong believer in science being a practical experience, we are […]