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YSJ Conference 2018 – University of Nottingham

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On the 17 September 2018 the annual Young Scientists Journal conference was held at the University of Nottingham. In the morning there was a talk by Phil Moriarty, who is a Professor of Physics and Astronomy at the University of Nottingham. He was presenting about the connection between heavy metal and quantum mechanics and explained […]

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Get excited about the first Northern Conference…but who will be there?!

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For our first Northern YSJournal conference, we have four main speakers/workshops to enjoy throughout the day. First is the Kitchen Chemistry workshop with Dr Stephen Ashworth, who aside from being a full time lecturer at UAE travels around the country presenting awesome science shows. A strong believer in science being a practical experience, we are […]

Astronomy

News in the Sciences!

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Striking news in Biology! One of the most impressive successes in the use of stem cells on humans, was performed on a seven-year old Syrian boy who was suffering from devastating genetic disorder called junctional epidermolysis bullosa. The boy’s disease was caused by a mutation in a gene, called LAMB3, that produces a protein that […]

Biology

Sausage Poison to cure Wrinkles?

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Have you ever thought of using something extremely lethal to cure movement disorders, neurological conditions and wrinkles? Botulinum – the most potent neurotoxin and is just right for the job. Poison or Drug? By Jessica Kan On Friday 24th March 2017 as part of the ATOM festival, Dr Keith Foster delivered an intriguing talk about […]

Biology

King’s Hub: Videos You Should Watch

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Here is a selection of short, fun and interesting videos recommended by the King’s Hub. There is something for every scientist, with maths, physics, biology and chemistry related content. Although they are great to watch purely as entertainment, the King’s Hub also loves these videos because they show the wonderful (and slightly weird) knowledge that science […]

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How can we distribute electricity more efficiently?

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Figure 1

Magnesium diboride superconducting cables! A new superconducting prototype cable has been developed to aim to create superconducting transmission lines for improved efficiency and less of an environmental impact for the electricity grid. To meet future energy demands, all the electricity grids throughout Europe will need to be upgraded and expanded for higher transmission capacity. For […]

Chemistry

Carbyne: Officially the strongest material in the world

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Scientists in Vienna have successfully created a stable form of carbyne, the world’s strongest material. Carbyne is a linear acetylenic carbon – an infinitely long carbon chain. It can be considered as a one-dimensional allotrope of carbon. Carbyne has a chemical structure with alternating single and triple bonds: (−C≡C−)n. This structure of carbon gives an […]

Chemistry

History of Arabic Alchemy

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While reading Jim Al-Khalili’s book “Pathfinders: The Golden Age of Arabic Science” it became apparent that scientific collaboration is essential to achieve meaningful progress. Great advances were made in the medical profession during the Golden Age. The Golden Age occurred during the Abbasid rule which was between the 8th century and the 12th century CE. […]

Chemistry

Chemistry and Light

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Light and Chemistry are more linked than you might think. There are lots of reactions which give out light as a product. We use chemistry and light in communication, electronics, medicine and entertainment. Photochemists are working for a brighter and cleaner future – essentially trying to harness the sunlight, converting it into useful energy and […]

Biology

Exploring Epigenetics: DNA methylation and cancer

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We all know the environments physical effects upon an organism are apparent, but have you ever considered what effect it has upon us on a genetic level. This is a difficult concept that has intrigued many scientists and encouraged them research into it further. It is only recently that our basis of knowledge and the technological advancements […]

Chemistry

Nanomedicine – What are the risks?

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There are many arguments against nanomedicine due to the issue of toxicity. Elements  at a microscopic level have different properties than they have at their standard conditions and every nano particle is completely unique so they each have different properties. These leads to the possibility of the nanoparticles having a serious effect on our health. […]

Biology

The Real Meaning of Science with Liz Bonnin

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On Thursday 6th November, I had the pleasure of interviewing BBC Television presenter Liz Bonnin. Liz has presented many TV programmes over her career, from BBC Bang Goes the Theory since it first aired in July of 2009 and Operation Snow Tiger to specials like the BBC Horizon Series to BBC Stargazing Live. She’s used her […]

Astronomy

Science Bites

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For a few months now, I’ve been working on my eBook – Science Bites. Tomorrow it reaches the Amazon Kindle Store for £1.51. The idea behind the eBook was to make science fun and interesting – by using small, manageable pieces of information.  The eBook is about 180 pages long and covers topics from life […]

Chemistry

Particle Size Optimisation of Sand to Improve Water Treatment Efficiency

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More efficient treatment methods must be developed for ensuring the future availability of drinking water. The purpose of this project was to determine how particle size composition can be optimized to improve the performance of sand as a natural, inexpensive, sustainable water filtration media.
Calibrated sieves were used to selectively remove specific particle size fractions from all-purpose sand. Permeation times, together with pH and calcium concentrations of filtered water samples were used to prove that the water filtration rate of sand can be increased by 65% by removing the <150 micron particle size fraction (11.3% by weight), while maintaining pH buffering performance.

Chemistry

Paramagnetic fluids optimization of the chemical synthesis of magnetite ferrofluids

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Abstract Ferrofluids are paramagnetic liquids. The fluid is made up from a stable suspension of magnetic nanoparticles. This study investigates the synthesis of magnetite based ferrofluids with focus on the parameters of the precipitation of magnetite particles using iron(II), iron(III) and ammonium ions. Under the hypothesis that the precipitation speed and pH value had major […]

Biology

The light in dark chocolate

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Abstract Obesity is one of the biggest challenges facing the developed world, so people are very aware about what they eat. Chocolate has always been labelled as one of the foods to avoid if you are intent on losing weight. However, chemicals found in dark chocolate – such as flavanoids and phenethylamine – are known […]

Chemistry

Increasing the efficiency of a hybrid polymer photovoltaic cell with polymer nanofiber complexes of varied thickness

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Introduction The purpose of this investigation is to increase the power output of a specific polymer when utilized in a photovoltaic cell. Fossil fuels are an efficient and reliable source of energy, but they are detrimental to the environment, producing pollutants and greenhouse gases.1)Solomon S, Plattner GK, Knutti R, Friedlingstein P. Irreversible climate change due […]