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DNA Analysis of the Sucrose Synthase Enzyme in Genetically Modified and Heirloom Pisum sativum

Posted Leave a commentPosted in Earth Science, Environment

Abstract: The world’s changing demands for crops has resulted in the genetic modification of plants’ genotypes, to increase crop yield and resist invading bacteria. Sucrose synthase (SuSy) is an enzyme that synthesizes sucrose; sucrose is integral for plant growth and the formation of carbohydrates. Two varieties of pea plants, genetically modified Pisum sativum and heirloom […]

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Assessment of household dietary diversity levels and its relationship with coping strategies and having supply cards among a sample of inhabitants in rural villages in El Fayoum and Beni-Sueif Governorates in Egypt: A cross-sectional study.

Posted Posted in Environment, Other

Yara H. Shahin*, Maha A. Shaaban, Mahmoud M. Sokkar Ainshams University: Abbasia, Cairo, Egypt. 1. Abstract Access to quality, safe, and nutritious food by achieving food security is fundamental to human existence and for establishing global health care and sustainability. Although awareness of the cruciality of food security has expanded greatly, it is important to […]

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A Novel Application of Deep Learning in a Robotic Arm for the Classification and Sorting of Recyclables

Posted 1 CommentPosted in Engineering, Environment, Technology

Abstract Currently, the world disposes 1.3 billion tonnes of waste per year, with a projected increase to 2.2 billion tonnes by 2025 (World Bank, 2018). Out of the total waste produced in Canada, only around 27% is diverted. The other 73% end up in either landfills or incinerators, both of which increase pollution, while damaging […]

The Environmental Considerations of Tempe Town Lake

Posted Leave a commentPosted in Earth Science, Environment, Ethics, Health

Abstract Following the repair of the Tempe dam in 2010, Tempe Town Lake has faced significant environmental consequences that pose risks to the safety of Tempe locals. This research paper analyzes the different perspectives of bio-conservationists, hydrologists, public health officials, and Tempe residents to help formulate a prospective solution to effectively address the environmental concerns […]

Interdisciplinarity and the Periodic Table

Posted Leave a commentPosted in Chemistry, Environment, Other

What does the Periodic Table have in common with Greta Thunberg, global Communism and Martian invasions? Celebrating 150 years of the development of the Periodic Table allows us to take a closer look at how related discoveries have changed the future. Apparently, the Periodic Table isn’t only used by chemists; it is appreciated by physicists […]

The Groundbreaking U.N. Biodiversity Report: 1 million Species at Risk

Posted 1 CommentPosted in Environment, Magazine, Science News

On May 6, the United Nations (UN) released the largest report on the state of the planet’s biodiversity in 15 years. Research was compiled from more than 15,000 government and scientific reports by over 145 different authors from 50 countries.[1] The conclusions were startling. Scientists estimate that about 1 million species are threatened with extinction. […]

Aquatic Osteoporosis: Remediating the Emerging Problem of Lake Calcium Decline

Posted Leave a commentPosted in Environment

Abstract An emerging environmental issue of lake calcium decline is affecting soft water shield lakes in Canada, the United States of America, and Scandinavia. Following a legacy of acid rain during the 1970s and 1980s, the consequent low pH caused rapid leaching of calcium from lakes and soil. Although pH has stabilised due to emission […]

Earth Day 2019- Protect our Species!

Posted Leave a commentPosted in Environment, Magazine

The first Earth Day was held nearly 50 years ago in 1970 when 20 million Americans united to launch a modern environmental movement. Since then, many innovative laws have been passed as a result of these annual mobilisations. Within a year, it lead to the formation of the United States Environmental Protection Agency, as well […]

Microplastics

Posted 2 CommentsPosted in Biology, Environment

Abstract The problems associated with microplastic pollution are less obvious and often harder to appreciate than the obvious effects of larger plastic pieces in the ocean. It is even harder to communicate to the public effectively about issues that scientists do not fully understand. The challenge is to convey both the current and the potential […]

Project BEAVER: A Budget-Effective Aquatic Vehicle for Environmental Research

Posted Leave a commentPosted in Engineering, Environment

Abstract Within the past few centuries, human population growth and increasing urbanisation have led to the deterioration of many freshwater and marine habitats. To conserve aquatic ecosystems, it is essential to better understand the responses of the habitats to such factors. The purpose of this project was to construct an Unmanned Untethered Vehicle (UUV) for […]

Current Stratification and Circulation Behaviour of the Elfrath Lake: An Apparent Indication of Climate Change in the Lower Rhine Region

Posted Leave a commentPosted in Environment

Abstract This work reports a revision to the stratification and circulation behaviour of the Elfrath Lake in the Lower Rhine region, Germany. Usually lakes in these temperate latitudes present a dimictic circulation, with two phases of stagnation and two phases of circulation each year. However, measurements taken during this investigation show an increasingly monomictic circulation, […]

The Feasibility of Implementing Biosand Filters to Recycle Water in a School Environment

Posted 1 CommentPosted in Biology, Environment

Abstract The biosand filter is a slow sand water filtration system that is widely used in developing countries. The filter works through the use of a biological layer to kill pathogens in the water. The focus of this research was to determine the effectiveness of a biosand filter in relation to its ability to filter […]

The Adsorption of Heavy Metals and Phosphates from Stormwater Using Waste Oyster and Crab Shells

Posted Leave a commentPosted in Environment

Abstract Each year, 6-8 million tonnes of waste shells are discarded, neglecting a valuable resource. The purpose of this experiment was to tap into this resource and determine which shell would most effectively adsorb pollutants from stormwater.  The hypothesis: if different types of shells are tested to clean stormwater, the kiln-heated crab shells will adsorb […]

Can Natural Plant Products Work as Effective Antibiotics?

Posted 9 CommentsPosted in Biology, Environment, Medicine

Abstract The aim of this experiment was to find a solution that may help control the resistance of bacteria to conventional antibiotics. This experiment tests to see the efficacy of everyday natural products towards health and wellbeing as opposed to seeking conventional antibiotics, which can trigger problems such as antibiotic resistance. This experiment is a […]

The Effectiveness of the Use of Moringa oleifera Seeds in the Removal of Metal Based Contaminants from Contaminated Water

Posted 2 CommentsPosted in Environment

Mentor: Dr. Kunlun Hong Abstract Potable water is a vital and very limited resource in our society. Obtaining such water through purification is of global importance. One of the main challenges in water purification is the ability to distribute affordable purification devices to the people in need efficiently. This project utilizes the abundant Moringa oleifera […]

Detection of Heavy Metals in Honey Samples using Inductively Coupled Plasma Mass Spectrometry

Posted 2 CommentsPosted in Biology, Environment, Health

  Abstract Honey is a composite mixture of various carbohydrates, enzymes, flavonoids and organic acids. It is used for a wide variety of purposes and is a known antimicrobial agent. Heavy metals may be present in trace quantities in honey and their detection is important for the quality control of honey and it also serves […]

Investigating the Epidemiology of Borrelia Burgdorferi in the Dorset Area

Posted 1 CommentPosted in Biology, Environment, Health

Abstract The aim of our project is to use analytical techniques to identify the existence of Lyme borreliosis, commonly known as Lyme Disease in Ticks and investigate the distribution of Lyme borreliosis in the Dorset area. Results are presented from successful and accurate gel electrophoresis using Safe Blue indicator; although only one positive result for […]

Possible Influence of Plant Clusters Mounted Next to Waters on the Water Quality

Posted 1 CommentPosted in Biology, Environment

Abstract The eutrophication of natural waters is a common problem. Eutrophication describes the accumulation of nutrients (especially phosphorus and nitrogen compounds) which stimulates the growth of organisms (mainly phytoplankton). This results in a lack of oxygen and ultimately in the death of living beings in the water. This study investigates the effect of stored plants […]