Health

Sickle Cell Disease and the Recent Treatment

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Abstract Sickle Cell Disease (SCD) is an inherited disease that contains a mutation in a beta-globin gene. There are only a few potential treatments present these days, but even those treatments set limitation on a patient’s condition due to the high risk of side effects. A recent study has shown that SCD should deal with […]

Health

An Analysis of Portion Size Experimental Data in Ireland

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Abstract: Using surveys and tests to compare recommended to actual portion sizes and increasing awareness through education. Introduction: The aim of the project was to look at portions and compare what people eat to what they should be eating. To do this, surveys were carried out to ask people what they thought about portions and […]

Health

Antibiotic Resistance

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Antibiotics are drugs that destroy microorganisms or inhibit their growth so are used to treat bacterial infections in many areas of healthcare. There are several different variations and types with 6 main classifications: penicillins, cephalosporins, aminoglycosides, tetracyclines, macrolides and fluoroquinolones. [1] Each type destroys bacteria in a different way, many, including penicillin, punch holes into […]

Health

Psychological and Social Aspects of Breast Cancer

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Abstract A number of different psychological and social factors can affect the emotional stability and physical outcomes for patients with breast cancer. Assessing the psychological aspects of breast cancer treatment and identifying activities that can alleviate stress involved in the treatment process, could reduce the anxiety and emotional upheaval associated with breast cancer. This paper […]

Biology

Sausage Poison to cure Wrinkles?

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Have you ever thought of using something extremely lethal to cure movement disorders, neurological conditions and wrinkles? Botulinum – the most potent neurotoxin and is just right for the job. Poison or Drug? By Jessica Kan On Friday 24th March 2017 as part of the ATOM festival, Dr Keith Foster delivered an intriguing talk about […]

Biology

A Possible Consequence of Intravenously Infusing Antibodies into the Immune System

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Acute Tubular Necrosis (ATN) From Intravenous Immune Globulin (IVIG) Treatment for Chronic Inflammatory Demyelinating Polyneuropathy (CIDP) Abstract: Infusions of IVIG are used to treat immune deficiency states, autoimmune disorders, and infections. IVIG Explanation and its relation to the Immune System: The immune system is a network of tissues and organs that work to defend the […]

Biology

How can cancer be targeted without killing healthy cells?

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Targeted Therapy: a tremendous solution Abstract: Targeted therapy is a relatively new method of curing cancer that uses drugs to attack targets on which cancer cells’ growth closely depend. [1] By attacking the proteins or enzymes responsible for their abnormal growth, its effects are amplified. Targeted therapy is successful in curing many cancer patients, it […]

Biology

The Importance of Disinfection to Reduce Pathogen Spread in Agriculture

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Abstract This paper investigates the importance of regular disinfection of farm equipment as part of an effective biosecurity system to reduce pathogen spread within an individual holding. By carrying out a laboratory investigation involving the growth of microorganisms from disinfected surfaces, the need for daily disinfection of high-risk areas is explored. The results of this […]

Biology

King’s Hub: Videos You Should Watch

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Here is a selection of short, fun and interesting videos recommended by the King’s Hub. There is something for every scientist, with maths, physics, biology and chemistry related content. Although they are great to watch purely as entertainment, the King’s Hub also loves these videos because they show the wonderful (and slightly weird) knowledge that science […]

Biology

The Effect of Antibiotics on the Gut Microbiota

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The gut microbiota (also referred to as gut flora) is the population of bacteria that colonizes the human gut. There have been 50 bacterial species that have been described, but the human gut microbiota is dominated by 2 particular species: Bacteroidetes and Firmicutes. Other species such as Proteobacteria, Verrucomicrobia, Actinobacteria, Fusobacteria, and Cyanobacteria are much […]

Health

Peanut Allergy Therapy

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According to a new study published in the New England Journal of Medicine. The LEAP-On study followed on from the LEAP (Learning Early About Peanut Allergy) found that an early introduction of peanuts to the diets of infants, who were at high risk of developing food allergy within the first 11 months of their lives, […]

Biology

The Terrible Truth About Tanning

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I’m sure that everyone reading this has, at least once in their life, visited the Beach during the Summer. During your visit to the Beach you will apply some Sun Cream, swim in the Ocean, have an Ice-cream etc. Finally as you are heading home you might have noticed that you have tanned a small […]

Biology

PCSK9 Inhibitors – a solution for familial hypercholesterolaemia and ischaemic heart disease?

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PCSK9 stands for Proprotein Convertase Subtilisin Kexin type 9 and it was first discovered in 2003[1] by Dr. Seidah et al. and it is a 692-amino acid glycoprotein.[2] PCSK9 is secreted by the liver into the circulation[3] and it controls the “number of low-density lipoprotein receptors (LDLR) on the cell surface”[4] and therefore ultimately the […]

Biology

Hypoplastic Left Heart Syndrome

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What is Hypoplastic left heart syndrome? Hypoplastic left heart syndrome (HLHS) is a rare congenital heart defect which occurs in approximately 1 in 5000 babies. The term ‘hypoplastic’ refers to the underdevelopment of a tissue or an organ. Therefore HLHS involves the underdevelopment, or sometimes absence, of left-sided heart structures. For example, the left ventricle, […]

Biology

Hypoplastic Left Heart Syndrome

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What is Hypoplastic left heart syndrome? Hypoplastic left heart syndrome (HLHS) is a rare congenital heart defect which occurs in approximately 1 in 5000 babies. The term ‘hypoplastic’ refers to the underdevelopment of a tissue or an organ. Therefore HLHS involves the underdevelopment, or sometimes absence, of left-sided heart structures. For example, the left ventricle, […]

Biology

Tetralogy of Fallot

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Tetralogy of Fallot What is Tetralogy of Fallot? Tetralogy of Fallot is a congenital heart defect (one which is present at birth.) In fact, it is one of the most common congenital heart defects. It affects approximately 5 in 10,000 live births. Fallot was the name of the doctor who discovered this condition and the […]