Biology

A Possible Consequence of Intravenously Infusing Antibodies into the Immune System

Posted on

Acute Tubular Necrosis (ATN) From Intravenous Immune Globulin (IVIG) Treatment for Chronic Inflammatory Demyelinating Polyneuropathy (CIDP) Abstract: Infusions of IVIG are used to treat immune deficiency states, autoimmune disorders, and infections. IVIG Explanation and its relation to the Immune System: The immune system is a network of tissues and organs that work to defend the […]

Biology

How can cancer be targeted without killing healthy cells?

Posted on

Targeted Therapy: a tremendous solution Abstract: Targeted therapy is a relatively new method of curing cancer that uses drugs to attack targets on which cancer cells’ growth closely depend. [1] By attacking the proteins or enzymes responsible for their abnormal growth, its effects are amplified. Targeted therapy is successful in curing many cancer patients, it […]

Biology

The Importance of Disinfection to Reduce Pathogen Spread in Agriculture

Posted on

Abstract This paper investigates the importance of regular disinfection of farm equipment as part of an effective biosecurity system to reduce pathogen spread within an individual holding. By carrying out a laboratory investigation involving the growth of microorganisms from disinfected surfaces, the need for daily disinfection of high-risk areas is explored. The results of this […]

Biology

King’s Hub: Videos You Should Watch

Posted on

Here is a selection of short, fun and interesting videos recommended by the King’s Hub. There is something for every scientist, with maths, physics, biology and chemistry related content. Although they are great to watch purely as entertainment, the King’s Hub also loves these videos because they show the wonderful (and slightly weird) knowledge that science […]

Biology

The Effect of Antibiotics on the Gut Microbiota

Posted on

The gut microbiota (also referred to as gut flora) is the population of bacteria that colonizes the human gut. There have been 50 bacterial species that have been described, but the human gut microbiota is dominated by 2 particular species: Bacteroidetes and Firmicutes. Other species such as Proteobacteria, Verrucomicrobia, Actinobacteria, Fusobacteria, and Cyanobacteria are much […]

Health

Peanut Allergy Therapy

Posted on

According to a new study published in the New England Journal of Medicine. The LEAP-On study followed on from the LEAP (Learning Early About Peanut Allergy) found that an early introduction of peanuts to the diets of infants, who were at high risk of developing food allergy within the first 11 months of their lives, […]

Biology

The Terrible Truth About Tanning

Posted on

I’m sure that everyone reading this has, at least once in their life, visited the Beach during the Summer. During your visit to the Beach you will apply some Sun Cream, swim in the Ocean, have an Ice-cream etc. Finally as you are heading home you might have noticed that you have tanned a small […]

Biology

PCSK9 Inhibitors – a solution for familial hypercholesterolaemia and ischaemic heart disease?

Posted on

PCSK9 stands for Proprotein Convertase Subtilisin Kexin type 9 and it was first discovered in 2003[1] by Dr. Seidah et al. and it is a 692-amino acid glycoprotein.[2] PCSK9 is secreted by the liver into the circulation[3] and it controls the “number of low-density lipoprotein receptors (LDLR) on the cell surface”[4] and therefore ultimately the […]

Biology

Hypoplastic Left Heart Syndrome

Posted on

What is Hypoplastic left heart syndrome? Hypoplastic left heart syndrome (HLHS) is a rare congenital heart defect which occurs in approximately 1 in 5000 babies. The term ‘hypoplastic’ refers to the underdevelopment of a tissue or an organ. Therefore HLHS involves the underdevelopment, or sometimes absence, of left-sided heart structures. For example, the left ventricle, […]

Biology

Hypoplastic Left Heart Syndrome

Posted on

What is Hypoplastic left heart syndrome? Hypoplastic left heart syndrome (HLHS) is a rare congenital heart defect which occurs in approximately 1 in 5000 babies. The term ‘hypoplastic’ refers to the underdevelopment of a tissue or an organ. Therefore HLHS involves the underdevelopment, or sometimes absence, of left-sided heart structures. For example, the left ventricle, […]

Biology

Tetralogy of Fallot

Posted on

Tetralogy of Fallot What is Tetralogy of Fallot? Tetralogy of Fallot is a congenital heart defect (one which is present at birth.) In fact, it is one of the most common congenital heart defects. It affects approximately 5 in 10,000 live births. Fallot was the name of the doctor who discovered this condition and the […]

Biology

Total Anomalous Pulmonary Venous Drainage

Posted on

Total Anomalous Pulmonary Venous Drainage – T.A.P.V.D   What is T.A.P.V.D? T.A.P.V.D stands for Total Anomalous Pulmonary Venous Drainage. It is an incredibly rare congenital heart defect (approximately 1 in 20,000 babies are born with it.) T.A.P.V.D is where the pulmonary veins, which bring oxygenated blood from the lungs and back to the heart, don’t […]

Biology

What is Type 1 Diabetes?

Posted on

Although diabetes mellitus, or, more commonly, just ‘diabetes’, is a condition (or, technically, a group of conditions) affecting over 382 million people worldwide, it is a condition which many people don’t know much about. In this article, I will explore type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) as well as a potential stem cell treatment for it. […]

Health

Sleeping? There's a nap for that

Posted on

The question of how long you should be sleeping for drifts in and out of the public eye with few groundbreaking announcements coming through. This raises the question of just how important sleep really is; if we’ve come this far with little care for this aspect of our lives, it can’t be that important can […]

Health

Sleeping? There’s a nap for that

Posted on

The question of how long you should be sleeping for drifts in and out of the public eye with few groundbreaking announcements coming through. This raises the question of just how important sleep really is; if we’ve come this far with little care for this aspect of our lives, it can’t be that important can […]

Biology

Some Benefits of Eating Apples

Posted on

Some Benefits of Eating Apples In this short article I will be briefly explaining why apples are so good for your health and why the saying ‘An apple a day, keeps the doctor away’ is probably true. First of all, apples – like many fruit – contain a whole variety of vitamins and minerals. However […]

Biology

The Benefits of Oranges

Posted on

The Benefits of Oranges Oranges are one of the most popular fruits on the planet and for good reason. Not only do they taste nice but they are bursting with vitamins and minerals. In this article I will be going over some of the benefits of oranges and why you should eat more of them. […]

Biology

The Death Virus: An Overview

Posted on

The Ebola virus, or ‘Death Virus’ is a major concern due to the recent outbreak across West Africa, in countries such as Sierra Leone, Guinea and Liberia. The disease is now at an international scale, with precautions even being taken to prepare in the UK. So, what is Ebola and how is it so deadly? […]

Biology

Our Battle Against Bacteria

Posted on

For ages now we’ve been battling an increasing problem – all caused by antibiotics. Antibiotics have dated all the way back to 1928 after Alexander Fleming; a bacteriologist discovered penicillin at London’s St Mary’s Hospital. Since then, such a small idea has grown and blossomed into the antibiotics we know today and has saved over […]