Category archives for Medicine

History of Arabic Alchemy

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While reading Jim Al-Khalili’s book “Pathfinders: The Golden Age of Arabic Science” it became apparent that scientific collaboration is essential to achieve meaningful progress. Great advances were made in the medical profession during the Golden Age. The Golden Age occurred during the Abbasid rule which was between the 8th century and the 12th century CE. […]

How Positron Emission Tomography works

This post aims to explain what positron emission tomography (PET) is and how it works. PET is a unique type of medical imaging that reveals information about the physiology of organs and tissues, unlike CT or MRI machines which only yield images of anatomy. By doing this, PET scans can often detect irregularities such as […]

Sudden Cardiac Arrest in Young Athletes

Sudden Cardiac arrest in the young may seem uncommon (2 deaths per 100,000 people) but is a fatal end for many passionate athletes. These tragedies appear to be unexpected as they are asymptomatic leading fans and spectators to wonder how a perfectly ‘healthy’ football player could suddenly collapse. Athletes under the age of 35 predominantly […]

Hypoplastic Left Heart Syndrome

What is Hypoplastic left heart syndrome? Hypoplastic left heart syndrome (HLHS) is a rare congenital heart defect which occurs in approximately 1 in 5000 babies. The term ‘hypoplastic’ refers to the underdevelopment of a tissue or an organ. Therefore HLHS involves the underdevelopment, or sometimes absence, of left-sided heart structures. For example, the left ventricle, […]

Tetralogy of Fallot

Tetralogy of Fallot What is Tetralogy of Fallot? Tetralogy of Fallot is a congenital heart defect (one which is present at birth.) In fact, it is one of the most common congenital heart defects. It affects approximately 5 in 10,000 live births. Fallot was the name of the doctor who discovered this condition and the […]

Total Anomalous Pulmonary Venous Drainage

Total Anomalous Pulmonary Venous Drainage – T.A.P.V.D   What is T.A.P.V.D? T.A.P.V.D stands for Total Anomalous Pulmonary Venous Drainage. It is an incredibly rare congenital heart defect (approximately 1 in 20,000 babies are born with it.) T.A.P.V.D is where the pulmonary veins, which bring oxygenated blood from the lungs and back to the heart, don’t […]

What is Type 1 Diabetes?

Although diabetes mellitus, or, more commonly, just ‘diabetes’, is a condition (or, technically, a group of conditions) affecting over 382 million people worldwide, it is a condition which many people don’t know much about. In this article, I will explore type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) as well as a potential stem cell treatment for it. […]

The Death Virus: An Overview

Electron micrograph of the Ebola Virus. The characteristic thread-like structure can easily be seen.

The Ebola virus, or ‘Death Virus’ is a major concern due to the recent outbreak across West Africa, in countries such as Sierra Leone, Guinea and Liberia. The disease is now at an international scale, with precautions even being taken to prepare in the UK. So, what is Ebola and how is it so deadly? […]

Is Altitude Training the best way to legally improve sporting performance?

Please follow the link below to view my Biology AS Coursework looking at the effectiveness of Altitude training on Elite Performers. Also explores the effectiveness of Performance Enhancing Energy Drinks and Ice Baths as a recovery method. Is altitude training the best way to legally improve sporting performance?

What are the current treatments of schizophrenia?

What are the current treatments of schizophrenia? Abstract I discuss the available treatments for schizophrenia. I comment upon the socio-economic issues arising from living with schizophrenia and the aforementioned treatments. I examine a case study in management of schizophrenia in the NHS. Furthermore, I evaluate two alternative methods to control schizophrenia – one holistic and the […]