Other

Dietary turmeric reduces inflammation and improves mood and mobility in horses with fetlock joint inflammation

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    Abstract Fetlock joint inflammation is a common problem in horses arising mainly from an overall increase in recreational activity engendered by better veterinary care and increased longevity. Whilst nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs have proven efficacy in reduction of inflammatory symptoms, they are not without risk of significant adverse effects. Alternative phytopharmaceutical treatments exist, but […]

Biology

How can cancer be targeted without killing healthy cells?

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Targeted Therapy: a tremendous solution Abstract: Targeted therapy is a relatively new method of curing cancer that uses drugs to attack targets on which cancer cells’ growth closely depend. [1] By attacking the proteins or enzymes responsible for their abnormal growth, its effects are amplified. Targeted therapy is successful in curing many cancer patients, it […]

Other

Parabens

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Abstract This review article talks about what a paraben is, the structure of a paraben, different types of parabens, where we would find them and the health implications of using products containing it. The author also analyses the arguments for and against using parabens containing products collected from various secondary sources by backing it up […]

Other

To Frack, or not to Frack, that is the Question

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To Frack, or not to Frack, that is the Question. Shakespeare’s society relied on wood as fuel but as our society becomes increasingly urbanised, energy demand continues to increase; it is expected that in 2035, demand will have risen by a staggering 37%1)BP. “BP Energy Outlook.” Accessed January 19, 2017. http://www.bp.com/en/global/corporate/energy-economics/energy-outlook.html.. Currently, 84% of global […]

Other

The Grand Unification

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The first universal law was developed in the late 1600s. Newton’s law of gravitation published in 1687 states that every object in the universe attracts every other object with a force proportional to their point masses and the square of their distance apart. This made a great impression upon the intellectuals of the era as […]

Biology

Does Classical Music Improve Short Term Memory?

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A study by Zurafa Sakel.   Abstract The aim of this study is to explore whether classical music can improve short term memory in healthy volunteers. This may help learning of healthy people. It may also have a positive impact on communication and interaction as well as reducing agitation in dementia patients. This standardised prospective […]

Evolution

The Dinosaur Barely Bigger than your Ruler: an Introduction to Liaoningosaurus

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Meet Liaoningosaurus paradoxus. This bizarre animal was an ankylosaur, and so related to the more commonly known Ankylosaurus. Ankylosaurs are famous for being covered in armour and possessing clubbed tails. However, first named and described in 2001, Liaoningosaurus was no ordinary ankylosaur. The initial description of the creature found that it had long legs and feet, and also […]

Neuroscience

Investigating the mouse brain for sex differences

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Genes located only on the Y chromosome are male specific and are thus not expressed in female cells, which results in gene dependent sex differences. One of the genes located on the Y chromosome and expressed only in male cells is Kdm5d. In our study, the hypothalamus was compared between female and male SF-1 KO, intact WT and gonadectomised WT mice to investigate the genetically and hormonally dependent differences between the expression of the protein encoded by the Kdm5d gene. Standard immunohistochemical staining on floating brain sections was used to visualize the Kdm5d protein and was further analysed under the microscope. Immunoexpression of Kdm5d protein was observed only in WT intact males, but was not detected in any other groups. This observation suggests that the expression of the Kdm5d protein is both genetically and hormonally conditioned. Further experiments with testosterone supplementation should be carried out to confirm our findings. 

Other

2016/17 Senior Team and Vision Announced

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DOWNLOAD AS PDF Young Scientists Journal – the world’s peer review science journal, written, edited and produced by 12-20 year olds – are delighted to introduce its new senior team and vision for the 2016/17 academic year. Our new Chief Editor and Team Leaders are as follows: Michael Hofmann – Chief Editor Cormac Larkin – […]

Chemistry

Chemistry and Light

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Light and Chemistry are more linked than you might think. There are lots of reactions which give out light as a product. We use chemistry and light in communication, electronics, medicine and entertainment. Photochemists are working for a brighter and cleaner future – essentially trying to harness the sunlight, converting it into useful energy and […]

Other

Zooniverse Internship

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In December, three of our YSJournal Team Members, Iman Mouloudi, Cormac Larkin and Michael Hofmann, had the fantastic opportunity to visit the Zooniverse centre in Oxford. Zooniverse is a start-up company specialising in ‘Citizen Science’. They provide people around the world with the opportunity to be at the forefront of developing research in science. By […]

Other

British Council Panel Discussion

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“Be a global citizen… Help us make this world safer and more sustainable today and for the generations that will follow us.” Ban Ki-moon Recently, YSJ Team Member Iman Mouloudi attended the British Council’s ‘How science can help achieve the sustainable goals’ panel discussion. The session was hosted by the Director of Science at the British […]

Other

The Great British Chocolate Challenge 2016

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Do you fancy yourself as a future chocolatier? Would you like to taste chocolate which has never even been created, let alone tasted before? If so, then this is the challenge for you! The Great British Chocolate Challenge for 2016 is launching – they’re looking for the next, young, Willy Wonka. We’ll be following the journey of […]

Other

How Can We Improve the Quality of Healthcare with Limited Resources?

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Health is a ‘fundamental human right.’ An effective health system is believed by many to be a critical component in achieving sustainable development, as well as reducing poverty and social inequality. Yet, even as we acknowledge the importance of access to healthcare for all, it raises a very challenging problem for any government: the provision […]

Other

Mitochondrial Donation now deemed 'safe'

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Why does this procedure exist?  Mitochondria provide energy to nearly every cell in the body. Mitochondria is transferred from mother to the baby, but if there is a problem with the mitochondria inherited to the baby, then this can result in severe mitochondrial diseases. One in every 6,500 babies born have severe mitochondrial disease which […]

Other

Mitochondrial Donation now deemed ‘safe’

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Why does this procedure exist?  Mitochondria provide energy to nearly every cell in the body. Mitochondria is transferred from mother to the baby, but if there is a problem with the mitochondria inherited to the baby, then this can result in severe mitochondrial diseases. One in every 6,500 babies born have severe mitochondrial disease which […]