## Dietary Effects on the Human Gut Microbiome

Abstract The human gut microbiome is home to trillions of microorganisms, but according to recent research, this number can be greatly altered depending on one’s daily dietary intake. Researchers have been studying effects of common diets such as vegetarian, vegan, carnivore, and ketogenic diets as well as infant diets on gut flora, which have provided […]

## The Journey Of Physics So Far

Introduction The study of physics has captured the human mind for centuries. Encompassing some of the greatest minds of history, the evolution of physics has followed the human race since the beginnings of civilization. Filled with both complementing and contrasting thought experiments, theories, and revelations, the journey to modern-day physics is an exciting and complicated […]

## Changing the Public’s Perspective on Mental Illness

Illustration by Laura Evans, Nifty Fox Creative This image depicts a depressed individual and someone lending her a helping hand. Abstract Negative stigmatizing views of mental illnesses have always been prevalent amongst the general public, as well as in healthcare settings. Stemming from largely misguided assumptions and stereotypes, such stigmatizing views have isolated people with […]

## S. aureus alpha toxin mutants: efficacy through genetic manipulation

Abstract Since the 1960’s the MRSA bacterium has been a global epidemic. MRSA, methicillin-resistant staphylococcus aureus, is a type of bacterium that resides on and inside humans. Because of the usage of antibiotics to treat this, selection and procreating of mutating methicillin-resistant bacteria remains a continuous threat. An alternative against the plague of resistant bacteria […]

## Century eggs: What are they?

Abstract Century eggs are one of the traditional delicacies originating from China. This research investigated the difference between traditional and industrial methods of making century eggs, through various factors such as the number of steps required and time required for century eggs to complete their formation. Secondary to this comparison, the chemical process and scientific […]

## COVID-19’s Impact on Cybersecurity

I have heard it so often: “Change is constant” and have thought to myself, Sure, that sounds relatively true. Unfortunately, in these uncertain times, people have experienced some of the most profound changes across the world, and the impact will be felt for many years to come. Change is to be expected in our daily […]

## Science at the Interface

Introduction Science has performed a pertinent position in shaping our cutting-edge society. Throughout the path of history, the position of science has stepped forward from mere experiments to revolutionary and brand new discoveries that are unexpectedly propelling us into the future. Much of this development comes from embracing the contributions science has had on the […]

## The missing baryon problem

Every star, planet and galaxy you’ve seen accounts to just around 5% of the total matter and energy in the Universe. Just 5%. The other 95% is made of dark matter and dark energy, both of which are equally mysterious and intriguing. That 5% baryonic matter was supposed to be relatively easy to find, but […]

## Using LaTeX for YSJ Articles – Guide

Here is a standard description of something from an article, and now let’s render an equation: By typing the following in the Google Doc,  When\$$a \ne 0\$$, there are two solutions to \$$ax^2 + bx + c = 0\$$ and they are\$x = {-b \pm \sqrt{b^2-4ac} \over 2a}.\$ You will obtain this result: When \(a […]

## Psychosocial Stress and Its Effect on Cardiovascular Diseases

Abstract There is a vast amount of research and analysis between the exact impact of stress on the human body, with a substantial amount of it exploring an association with cardiovascular diseases. The review has examined some of the common psychosocial stressors such as the environment, work, and natural disasters. It also briefly discusses behavior […]

## An Interview with Lauren Yeomans

Biography Lauren Yeomans is a PhD student with the University of Liverpool working on the Large Hadron Collider beauty (LHCb) experiment at CERN. The LHCb experiment aims to explain the differences in the abundance of matter and antimatter in the universe. It is one of eight current Large Hadron Collider (LHC) experiments at the Centre […]

## My Journey with F1 in Schools

F1 in Schools Have you ever watched Formula One racing and wondered how the cars are designed to be so fast and yet not take off? F1 in Schools is a fantastic STEM project aimed at giving school students the opportunity to design their own F1 car – in miniature, but still impressively fast! On […]

## The Scientific Legacy of the Manhattan Project

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Caleac Rivero Introduction The Manhattan Project was a U.S. government-led project to develop an atomic bomb during World War II.[1] It will always be remembered for the resulting destruction and terror, and the direct political consequences (the arms race and the Cold War). Nonetheless, after the Manhattan Project, scientists managed to use the knowledge they […]

## How to Look for Alien Life

The possibility of extraterrestrial life has been discussed for centuries, in both scientific and fictitious work. But it wasn’t until 1992 that the first exoplanet (planet outside of our solar system) was detected, and 2001 that the first exoplanet in a habitable zone was detected [1]. This makes exoplanetology and astrobiology relatively new fields of […]

## Martha Chase: The Underappreciated Geneticist

Martha Chase was an American geneticist. In 1952, during the “Hershey-Chase Experiments,” she accompanied Alfred Hershey, helping to experimentally confirm that DNA, not protein, is the genetic material of life [1]. This discovery was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1969, yet excluded Chase [2]. There is not much information about the […]

## Forgotten Scientists

Figure 1: John Ray                                              Figure 2: Henrietta Swan Leavitt Who are they? How […]

## Professor Nergis Mavalvala

Nergis Mavalvala [1] Introduction Nergis Mavalvala champions diversity as the Curtis and Kathleen Marble Professor of Astrophysics and the Associate Head of the Department of Physics at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) [1], a female in a male-dominated field, but that’s just the beginning. She is also a Pakistani-American, and openly queer. A professor […]

## Alan Turing: The Pioneer and Revolutionary

Alan Turning; Courtesy of The New York Times Abstract:  Alan Turing was a homosexual English mathematician, cryptanalyst, and computer scientist, known for his famous work in cracking the Nazi Germany communication code called the Enigma code and developing the first blueprints to what became the modern computer. However, aside from his revolutionary work in these […]

## Dr. Ruth Gates: Marine Biologist, Coral Researcher, and LGBTQ+ Hero

Figure 1: Ruth Gates; Courtesy of The Atlantic Introduction  With her lifelong dedication and research advancements in marine sciences, Dr. Ruth Gates left a legacy that will continue to fuel progress for years to come. From a young age, Dr. Gates fell in love with the field of marine biology, spending countless hours watching “The […]