The NASA and Space X Launch: The Possible Beginning of a New Age of Space Travel?

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Abstract: Due to high costs, the renowned American space company, NASA, has not been able to ferry astronauts to space from American soil for almost a decade. This has left American astronauts dependent on Russian space agencies for travel and has immensely staggered their advancements in space research and exploration. Unfortunately, this has come at […]

What is the correlation between the rising levels of pollution in 19th century Britain and present-day China relative to the increasing cases of irreversible physiological repercussions to the systema respiratorium?

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Abstract This article focuses on exploring the correlation between the rising levels of pollution and the increasing reports of respiratory disorders in the civil population. In order to provide evidence for such claim, Particulate Matter 2.5 (PM2.5) and Suspended Particulate Matter (SPM) levels in both 19th century Great Britain and present-day China (two countries that […]

The rising number of shark attacks in Western Australia – just a side effect of another amazing recovery?

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ABSTRACT Eastern Australia is famous for its shark attacks but, since the turn of the millennium, the number of shark attacks is rising significantly in Western Australia. To identify possible reasons for this trend, we collected data about shark sightings/detections and analyzed data of all recorded shark attacks in Western Australia since 1900. The data […]


Differences Between Non-Biomedical Forms of Knowing and Biomedical Forms of Knowing

Posted Posted in Biology, Other evidence informs Western ways of knowing in medicine and research. In other words, it is how we know when someone is sick (e.g., a person’s body temperature above 100.4 degrees Farhenheit informs us that they have a fever1), when two variables are positively correlated (e.g., a Pearson’s coefficient of close to 1.0 informs us […]

The Effectiveness of Coconut Husk and Sodium hydroxide pretreatment in the removal of Arsenic from model Arsenic solutions

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Abstract Arsenic is highly toxic in its inorganic form and is naturally present in high concentrations in the groundwater of many countries. Contaminated water used for drinking, food preparation, and irrigation of food crops poses a significant threat to public health due to its high levels of arsenic. Among various technologies available for arsenic removal […]


Schizophrenia Myths: “Once a Schizophrenic, Always a Schizophrenic”

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Recently, the United States has become more aware of the importance of mental health. There have been movements to normalize mental health illnesses and widen access to treatment. However, stigma still plagues society. While psychiatric disabilities in general are becoming more acknowledged and accepted, some are still discriminated against. Specifically, prejudice against individuals with schizophrenia […]

The Chemistry of Tobacco Products

Posted Leave a commentPosted in Blogs, Chemistry, Other, World No Tobacco Day

Figure 1: Tobacco products. Courtesy of The Independent. Introduction Over 5000 chemicals can be found in tobacco smoke often having devastating carcinogenic, respiratory, or circulatory effects on the human body. The most common tobacco smoke caused deaths include cardiovascular disease, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease as well as various types of cancers, making it one of […]

‘It’s not smoking when it’s shisha’ – What you need to know about Hookahs

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Figure 1 – Socially accepted: group of young adults smoking hookah at a festival [1] Introduction Almost 50% of US-undergraduates report use of hookah[2] as well as almost 60% of British adolescents using cigarettes.[3] Every summer, I see dozens of people, most of whom are young adults, smoking shisha in public places, especially in bars […]

The Effect of Sponge Material on the Growth of Escherichia coli

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ABSTRACT The purpose of this experiment was to determine the antimicrobial effectiveness of copper in the aqueous conditions of a damp sponge and to compare copper’s antimicrobial effectiveness to that of common sponge materials currently on the market, including untreated-cellulose, odor-resistant, and triclosan-treated sponges. If copper sponges could replace triclosan-treated sponges, this could limit the […]

Stellar Evolution, and the Effects of Pauli’s Exclusion Principle on Electron Degeneracy in White Dwarfs

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Abstract In this scientific review paper, humanity’s interest in stars relating to the importance of an understanding of astrophysics is discussed. It is followed with an explanation of stellar evolution, including aspects such as hydrostatic equilibrium and the mechanism for nuclear fusion. Following this, the Pauli Exclusion Principle is expanded upon, and how it pertains […]

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Assessment of household dietary diversity levels and its relationship with coping strategies and having supply cards among a sample of inhabitants in rural villages in El Fayoum and Beni-Sueif Governorates in Egypt: A cross-sectional study.

Posted Posted in Environment, Other

Yara H. Shahin*, Maha A. Shaaban, Mahmoud M. Sokkar Ainshams University: Abbasia, Cairo, Egypt. 1. Abstract Access to quality, safe, and nutritious food by achieving food security is fundamental to human existence and for establishing global health care and sustainability. Although awareness of the cruciality of food security has expanded greatly, it is important to […]

Ethiopia Planted Over 350 Million Trees in 12 Hours: Why Planting Trees Can Save the Environment

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Introduction: On July 29th, 2019, Ethiopia planted over 350 million trees in 12 hours. Although this has not yet been confirmed by Guinness, Ethiopia has unofficially broken the record for the most trees planted in one day. This was previously held by India, where over 50 million trees were planted across the country in 2016. […]