Biology

The Effect of Sponge Material on the Growth of Escherichia coli

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ABSTRACT The purpose of this experiment was to determine the antimicrobial effectiveness of copper in the aqueous conditions of a damp sponge and to compare copper’s antimicrobial effectiveness to that of common sponge materials currently on the market, including untreated-cellulose, odor-resistant, and triclosan-treated sponges. If copper sponges could replace triclosan-treated sponges, this could limit the […]

Climate Change

Earth Day Interview with Daniel Webb

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Daniel Webb is the founder of Everyday Plastic. In 2016, Webb moved to Margate in Kent. He was shocked by the densely polluted coastline in this idyllic seaside town in England. What shocked him further was the lack of recycling facilities at his new home. With this in mind, Webb set out to collect all […]

Other

Stellar Evolution, and the Effects of Pauli’s Exclusion Principle on Electron Degeneracy in White Dwarfs

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Abstract In this scientific review paper, humanity’s interest in stars relating to the importance of an understanding of astrophysics is discussed. It is followed with an explanation of stellar evolution, including aspects such as hydrostatic equilibrium and the mechanism for nuclear fusion. Following this, the Pauli Exclusion Principle is expanded upon, and how it pertains […]

Environment

Assessment of household dietary diversity levels and its relationship with coping strategies and having supply cards among a sample of inhabitants in rural villages in El Fayoum and Beni-Sueif Governorates in Egypt: A cross-sectional study.

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Yara H. Shahin*, Maha A. Shaaban, Mahmoud M. Sokkar Ainshams University: Abbasia, Cairo, Egypt. 1. Abstract Access to quality, safe, and nutritious food by achieving food security is fundamental to human existence and for establishing global health care and sustainability. Although awareness of the cruciality of food security has expanded greatly, it is important to […]

Earth Day

Hey, you- You’re a statistical wonder.

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A very average dead rock, by planetary standards. Then, about a billion years later, something quite miraculous happened- the first glimpses of life were seen, and they came from what seemed to be nothing. Since abiogenesis, Earth, and life on it, have been through a lot- from single celled creatures to underwater plants to animals […]

Chemistry

Interdisciplinarity and the Periodic Table

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What does the Periodic Table have in common with Greta Thunberg, global Communism and Martian invasions? Celebrating 150 years of the development of the Periodic Table allows us to take a closer look at how related discoveries have changed the future. Apparently, the Periodic Table isn’t only used by chemists; it is appreciated by physicists […]

Other

Dietary turmeric reduces inflammation and improves mood and mobility in horses with fetlock joint inflammation

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    Abstract Fetlock joint inflammation is a common problem in horses arising mainly from an overall increase in recreational activity engendered by better veterinary care and increased longevity. Whilst nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs have proven efficacy in reduction of inflammatory symptoms, they are not without risk of significant adverse effects. Alternative phytopharmaceutical treatments exist, but […]

Biology

How can cancer be targeted without killing healthy cells?

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Targeted Therapy: a tremendous solution Abstract: Targeted therapy is a relatively new method of curing cancer that uses drugs to attack targets on which cancer cells’ growth closely depend. [1] By attacking the proteins or enzymes responsible for their abnormal growth, its effects are amplified. Targeted therapy is successful in curing many cancer patients, it […]

Other

Parabens

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Abstract This review article talks about what a paraben is, the structure of a paraben, different types of parabens, where we would find them and the health implications of using products containing it. The author also analyses the arguments for and against using parabens containing products collected from various secondary sources by backing it up […]

Other

To Frack, or not to Frack, that is the Question

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To Frack, or not to Frack, that is the Question. Shakespeare’s society relied on wood as fuel but as our society becomes increasingly urbanised, energy demand continues to increase; it is expected that in 2035, demand will have risen by a staggering 37%1)BP. “BP Energy Outlook.” Accessed January 19, 2017. http://www.bp.com/en/global/corporate/energy-economics/energy-outlook.html.. Currently, 84% of global […]

Other

The Grand Unification

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The first universal law was developed in the late 1600s. Newton’s law of gravitation published in 1687 states that every object in the universe attracts every other object with a force proportional to their point masses and the square of their distance apart. This made a great impression upon the intellectuals of the era as […]

Biology

Does Classical Music Improve Short Term Memory?

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A study by Zurafa Sakel.   Abstract The aim of this study is to explore whether classical music can improve short term memory in healthy volunteers. This may help learning of healthy people. It may also have a positive impact on communication and interaction as well as reducing agitation in dementia patients. This standardised prospective […]

Neuroscience

Investigating the mouse brain for sex differences

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Genes located only on the Y chromosome are male specific and are thus not expressed in female cells, which results in gene dependent sex differences. One of the genes located on the Y chromosome and expressed only in male cells is Kdm5d. In our study, the hypothalamus was compared between female and male SF-1 KO, intact WT and gonadectomised WT mice to investigate the genetically and hormonally dependent differences between the expression of the protein encoded by the Kdm5d gene. Standard immunohistochemical staining on floating brain sections was used to visualize the Kdm5d protein and was further analysed under the microscope. Immunoexpression of Kdm5d protein was observed only in WT intact males, but was not detected in any other groups. This observation suggests that the expression of the Kdm5d protein is both genetically and hormonally conditioned. Further experiments with testosterone supplementation should be carried out to confirm our findings. 

Other

2016/17 Senior Team and Vision Announced

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DOWNLOAD AS PDF Young Scientists Journal – the world’s peer review science journal, written, edited and produced by 12-20 year olds – are delighted to introduce its new senior team and vision for the 2016/17 academic year. Our new Chief Editor and Team Leaders are as follows: Michael Hofmann – Chief Editor Cormac Larkin – […]

Chemistry

Chemistry and Light

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Light and Chemistry are more linked than you might think. There are lots of reactions which give out light as a product. We use chemistry and light in communication, electronics, medicine and entertainment. Photochemists are working for a brighter and cleaner future – essentially trying to harness the sunlight, converting it into useful energy and […]