Magazine

Celebrating 50 Years Since the First Moon Landing

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Introduction (Sona Popat) The day is July 20th, 1969. Neil Armstrong, Buzz Aldrin and Michael Collins (Figure 1), the crew of the Apollo 11, land on the moon, and people around the world turn their eyes to the universe. A whole generation vividly remember the moment, with over half a billion people[1] gathering around their […]

Physics

Investigating the Effect of Atmospheric Pressure on Cosmic Ray Intensity

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Abstract The High School Project on Astrophysics Research with Cosmics (HiSPARC) comprises a network of cosmic ray detectors across Europe that are used by secondary school students to investigate high energy cosmic rays. This project uses the detector at King Edward VI High School for Girls to investigate the effect of atmospheric pressure on the […]

Magazine

Who Owns Space?

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Introduction The Outer Space Treaty of 1967 agreed that Space exploration ‘shall be the province of all mankind’.[1] At the time, this was sufficient. Satellites were beginning to be sent up into the atmosphere and in 1961 Yuri Gagarin had become the first man to leave Earth, but the prospect of deep space exploration on […]

Blogs

YSJ Conference 2018 – University of Nottingham

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On the 17 September 2018 the annual Young Scientists Journal conference was held at the University of Nottingham. In the morning there was a talk by Phil Moriarty, who is a Professor of Physics and Astronomy at the University of Nottingham. He was presenting about the connection between heavy metal and quantum mechanics and explained […]

Physics

Measuring Granular Flow Through a Funnel with a Force Sensor

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  Abstract This paper presents an apparatus to measure the flow of granular matter through a funnel with a force sensor. In addition to being easily reproducible, our proposed method enhances measurement accuracy from the popular method that uses a stopwatch. We notice, however, that our proposed setup induces an unwelcome force that confounds force […]

Engineering

Suspending a dipole radar scanner from a helicopter – improving methods of evaluating glacial water resources

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Suspending a dipole radar scanner from a helicopter – improving methods of evaluating glacial water resources   Abstract    Glaciers cover about 10% of the Earth’s surface and water from melted glaciers is important for local people to drink and to irrigate their land, as well as for hydroelectric power. Understanding the thickness and change […]

Physics

Do you want to travel in space? Ask Katherine!

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DO YOU WANT TO TRAVEL IN SPACE? ASK KATHERINE! During the Cold War, the two greatest world powers, USA and USSR, tried to dominate especially when it came to their own scientific achievements. USSR managed to launch the Sputnik in 1957, accomplishing the wider part of their space program at the same time. Simultaneously NACA, […]

Physics

Photovoltaic Cells

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Photovoltaic Cells Photovoltaic cells are a type of semiconductor diode which generates direct current from visible light. This article will briefly explore the origination of photovoltaics, how photovoltaic cells work, disadvantages and advantages, and their application in the real word. Whilst the hydrogen atoms in the Sun fuse to form helium, gamma photons and neutrinos […]

Physics

Artificial Harmonics on the Violin

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Violin Harmonics 的图像结果

Abstract This report presents the results of research into artificial harmonics on the violin. In the first experiment, the ratio of string lengths between fingers was measured to determine their effect on the pitch of the artificial harmonic. The results of the first experiment indicated that the fourth finger was always placed a quarter of […]

Physics

Exploring the Realm of Conductivity

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Abstract This article explains the different types of conductors, their function, and delves into the way they conduct. It explores how and why they work, what material they are made of, and what could be their future applications. It also discusses the quantum aspects of conduction, which is explained through a classical point of view. […]