Blogs

NASA’s Exoplanet Discovery – Trappist-1

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Seven earth-sized planets have been discovered recently by NASA, in the constellation of Aquarius. The exoplanet (a planet that orbits a star other than our Sun) system is called TRAPPIST-1, which stands for The Transiting Planets and Planetesimals Small Telescope. The tiny, dim star the planets are orbiting is only about 40 light-years (235 trillion […]

Biology

King’s Hub: Videos You Should Watch

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Here is a selection of short, fun and interesting videos recommended by the King’s Hub. There is something for every scientist, with maths, physics, biology and chemistry related content. Although they are great to watch purely as entertainment, the King’s Hub also loves these videos because they show the wonderful (and slightly weird) knowledge that science […]

Blogs

How can we distribute electricity more efficiently?

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Magnesium diboride superconducting cables! A new superconducting prototype cable has been developed to aim to create superconducting transmission lines for improved efficiency and less of an environmental impact for the electricity grid. To meet future energy demands, all the electricity grids throughout Europe will need to be upgraded and expanded for higher transmission capacity. For […]

Chemistry

Carbyne: Officially the strongest material in the world

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Scientists in Vienna have successfully created a stable form of carbyne, the world’s strongest material. Carbyne is a linear acetylenic carbon – an infinitely long carbon chain. It can be considered as a one-dimensional allotrope of carbon. Carbyne has a chemical structure with alternating single and triple bonds: (−C≡C−)n. This structure of carbon gives an […]

Astronomy

Jim Al-Khalili Interview

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Young Scientists Journal was fortunate to interview Jim Al-Khalili, a prominent science communicator and Professor of Theoretical Physics at the University of Surrey. Laura Patterson, from the King’s School YSJournal hub, went down to Surrey to talk to him about his work in physics and science communication. Jim has presented several science documentaries and radio […]

Physics

On the Relation of Entropy with Gravity

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This paper hypothesizes a connection between gravity and entropy. Gravity, which has not been successfully unified with other fundamental forces yet, is now alternatively explained as an entropic force that is caused by change in information associated with the positions of material bodies. We consider the statistical definition of entropy and ultimately conclude that gravity and entropy are two sides of the same coin and their inter-conversion is what we call ‘time’.

Astronomy

Lunar Mission One – An Introduction

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“Lunar Mission One is the most inspirational Moon project since the Apollo landings. Funded by the public it will perform world-leading science into the origin of the Moon and the planets, and it will leave a permanent archive of human life buried at the Moon’s south pole.” (lunarmissionone.com) Up until now, space exploration has been […]

Astronomy

How to Become an Astronaut

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Major Tim Peake became only the second British person to become an astronaut when he was launched into space on board the Russian made Souz TMA-19M rocket on the 15th of December 2015 sparking a frenzy of British media coverage and interest in space travel. What must an astronaut-to-be learn?   Whilst Tim Peake is […]

Astronomy

How to Become an Astronaut

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Major Tim Peake became only the second British person to become an astronaut when he was launched into space on board the Russian made Souz TMA-19M rocket on the 15th of December 2015 sparking a frenzy of British media coverage and interest in space travel. What must an astronaut-to-be learn?   Whilst Tim Peake is […]

Medicine

How Positron Emission Tomography works

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This post aims to explain what positron emission tomography (PET) is and how it works. PET is a unique type of medical imaging that reveals information about the physiology of organs and tissues, unlike CT or MRI machines which only yield images of anatomy. By doing this, PET scans can often detect irregularities such as […]

Astronomy

The Hunt for the Higgs

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Physics tries to answer some of the most fundamental questions in the universe. What caused the Big Bang? Why is the observable universe so isotropic? Why is Earth able to nurture life? One important question that has mystified physicists for years is the idea of mass and more importantly its origins. The discovery of the […]

Astronomy

The Superstring Theory

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In this article, Daniel Fryday from St Mary’s Catholic School in Bishops Stortford, gives you an introduction to the Superstring Theory. The Superstring Theory is a way in which scientists attempt to explain all of the fundamental particles and forces of nature. The Superstring Theory is an idea that explains how our universe is just […]

Astronomy

What is the ISS?

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On the 15th of December 2015, British Astronaut Tim Peake boarded the International Space Station for ISS Expedition 46 and 47. His mission has been named ‘Principia’, a reference to Isaac Newton’s ‘Philosophiæ Naturalis Principia Mathematica’ in which Newton writes about the laws of motion, universal gravitation and various other laws of physics. A direct […]

Physics

Car Crash Physics

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Abstract Working with Police Scotland, Physics students from Lockerbie Academy took part in a simulated crash investigation, based on a real crash that occurred in the local area. We used our knowledge of kinematics and problem solving skills to determine the cause of the collision. To do this we took measurements of displacement and deceleration […]

Physics

My week at CERN

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It has been almost a year since I managed to get up on the stage at the 21st EU Contest for Young Scientists in Paris, to be presented with the EIROforum CERN Prize. I still can’t believe how I got there from a six week Nuffield Bursary project at the University of Sheffield, via the […]