Biodiversity and us…-Part 4

International Environment month is going now. From the beginning of the world, whatever has been the most impactful part of our world is its biodiversity. From then till today, its impact is so huge that no one can even feel its depth and complexity. So to utilize a little of that and our sins, it’s important for us to go through a analysis.
Biodiversity or Biological diversity is a term that describes the variety of living beings on earth. In short, it is described as a degree of variation of life. Biological diversity encompasses microorganisms, plants, animals, and ecosystems, such as coral reefs, forests, rainforests, deserts, etc.
And after going through and analysis, I’ve found us as the most shameless livings on the earth and it let me feel sorry, very very sorry for some days. In this series, I’ll try to touch there in your heart so that you can also feel sorry, be aware. There will be 4 parts of the document and I’ve also tried to create a map of our duties and responsibilities and so I hope every readers will be with us in each part. Carefully, understanding.

Now, the largest question: What are the solutions?

In this part of our study, we will try to find out the solutions of the problem. In this part we should remember that solutions can vary from places, conditions and cases. So, your creativity is the main weapon to find out the correct results for the case.
Defend to loss of habitat:

  1. We can combat habitat loss by preserving natural resources and learning how to use them in a way that does not require such frequent destruction of habitats. Regulation is equally important. Plans and rules should be set forth to legalize how much of a given area can be altered for the benefits of humans. By practicing more restraint, we allow wildlife time to adapt and leave more areas undisturbed for the sake of biodiversity.
  1. We should also teach others the importance of biodiversity. Comprehensive education regarding the environment helps people to understand how necessary biodiversity is and teaches ways in which everyone can contribute to causes that aid in keeping many different species alive.
  2. Along with education, awareness should also be raised. Observers should make it a point to assist reporting professionals by safely documenting the process of habitat destruction whenever the opportunity arises. Videos and photos help to visually present the unfortunate circumstances that environmental destruction can create, evoking emotional responses that will inspire others to take action to protect natural habitats.
  3. As quickly as humans can destroy natural habitats, we should be just as willing to put forth the effort to rebuild and attempt to replace what is lost. For areas that cannot be saved, we can assist in funding the creation of areas that will serve as a refuge for displaced wildlife instead. These safe havens mimic the natural habitats that allow plants to grow and animals to live healthily without the threat of devastation. Efforts have been put in place to

create these sanctuaries by environmentalists all over the world to protect species from extinction.

  1. Sustainable Development: A great way would be to start supporting organizations that strive for conservation of tropical rainforest habitats, because that is where most species diversity is found.

P.S: Most natural resources we use today are sourced from your closest forest! These are in the form of forest products.
We can also deal with habitat loss by saving and conserving natural resources.
Shifting quickly is difficult for us too,
So you can start with choosing Eco-friendly products or using natural resources in a way that does not require frequent habitat destruction (deforestation).
Laws and regulations should come in place which should differentiate and limit people to use natural resources in a sustainable manner.
This would promote biodiversity as some places would be left undisturbed. Other than that, laws will allow time to animals and plants to adapt properly in case changes are made.

  1. Raise awareness about biodiversity: We’ve suffered biodiversity loss in huge proportions over the last century.

To help create a perspective about biodiversity, it should be taught at schools and colleges so that students know how we can preserve biodiversity and how everyone can contribute to it.

  1. Habitat Restoration; Habitat conservation efforts are not only limited to reducing use of natural resources, but restoring of habitats should also be practiced for ones that have suffered degradation.

Habitat restoration is achieved through continuous management, protection efforts and rebuilding of those areas.
Sometimes you’ll find signs that say ‘marine protected area’, those areas are usually being restored by protection agencies. You should be more careful about the environment when visiting those areas.
The goal here is to return Biotic factors (species richness, biological interactions among species) and Abiotic factors (soil health, water levels, air quality index) to make them as they were before human interference.
Special consideration should be given to areas concentrated with high biodiversity. Such a place is known as a biodiversity hotspot.

  1. Rebuild new habitats: It is easy to destroy natural habitats but are we willing to rebuild and replace what we have lost?

We should be. Many areas can be re-developed where wildlife can be preserved by giving them a space to grow and adapt.
Some conservationists argue wetland habitats should be favored in rebuilding habitats since they have been found to host as many as 20,000 species.
Many places like EnvironmentBuddy now have an objective to create an environment for the wildlife and plants and are working tirelessly to make sure of it.
Desertification: Prevention is much more cost-effective than rehabilitation. Desertification can be reduced by adopting the following strategies:

    • Planting more trees – the roots of trees hold the soil together and help to reduce soil erosion from wind and rain.
    • Improving the quality of the soil – this can be managed by encouraging people to reduce the number of grazing animals they have and grow crops instead. The animal manure can be used to fertilise the crops grown. Growing crops in this way can improve the quality of the soil as it is held together by the roots of plants and protected from erosion. This type of farming is more sustainable.
    • Water management – water can be stored in earth dams in the wet season and used to irrigate crops during the dry season. This is an example of using appropriate technology to manage water supplies in the desert environment.
    • Magic stones (or bunds) are circles of stones placed on the ground to hold water on the soil rather than letting it run quickly over the surface.
    • Drip irrigation is where water drips slowly onto the ground from pin-sized holes in a hose lying on top of the soil. This minimises water loss, maximises effectiveness and can be delivered via a solar pump.

Marine environment:

  1. Controlling Pollution

The first measure that would be useful in combating this environmental threat would be the step to control environmental pollution. Water, air and soil pollution are responsible for the adverse climatic changes. Such changes result into glaciation, melting of the icebergs and in the process, the marine habitat is threatened by degradation.

  1. Environmental conservation Policies

Human discipline would be quite necessary in ensuring that the problem of marine destruction is solved. How would this happen? Perhaps, various environmental conservation bodies such as UNEP can be in liaison with the various governments so that laws seeking to control industrialization and waste disposal are ratified.
Eventually, global warming shall have been controlled and the threat posed to the aquatic lives will have minimized.

  1. Controlled fishing

There are other associated activities that can be used constructively. This may entail the controlled or moderated fishing which is sustainable. Overfishing tampers with the aquatic ecology and food chain. It can be done in a way that other plants and animals are not rendered extinct in the process. Overfishing can render certain animal species extinct due to the deprivation of food. Fishing regulations can therefore help in giving guidance.

  1. Civic Education

Humans sometimes need to be educated on how they can respect the sanctity of the laws of nature. This encompasses the duty to treat the plants and animals with care. Civic education can be important in the marine areas as it would equip the people with the necessary skills to help them avoid the destruction of marine habitat. This activity can be conducted in small groups.

  1. Restricting over aggressive coastal developments

Governments can only use the relevant coastal locations to boost other activities such as trade. This move will be very helpful in limiting the spread of urbanization and coastal developments which pose serious threat to the marine habitat. Other policies can be formulated which support and give guidance on what needs to be done during coastal urbanization to preserve the marine habitats.

  1. Limiting land conversion drive

When uncontrolled, human settlements can be a nuisance to the existing ecosystem. In the coastal regions, it can get over ambitious and this connotes doom to the marine habitat. As a consequence, plants and animals will be endangered. Such human activities can be moderated by limiting land conversion drive.

  1. Using designate routes only during shipping

Countries that are using water transport can go ahead and control the activities. This can be achieved through the strict use of designate routes in order to limit the spread of danger that can be caused by the ships. It can reduce the oil spill disasters and other heat related dangers.
Wildlife tread:

  • Ask before you buy

If you\’re unsure where something like jewellery or clothing comes from, simply ask. Ask the vendor what it\’s made of, where it\’s from, and if its country of origin allows its sale.

  • Stick to certified products

Products you may not think–like furniture and paper–can also contribute to unsafe wildlife practices. Products with a Forest Stewardship Council seal ensure several things: that all trees cut down are replaced or allowed to re-grow naturally, that parts of the forest of origin are left untouched, and that the rights of indigenous people in the area are respected, and local workers are employed with a decent salary.

  • Choose sustainable, eco-friendly pets

EcoHealth Alliance provides a database of pets which are healthy for people, animals, and the environment. Many animals are taken from their natural habitats in large numbers to be sold in pet stores. This can be harmful to the animals\’ wild populations, as well as having being significantly traumatic for the animal itself.

  • Eat only sustainable seafood

Overexploitation has brought many fish species to the brink of extinction. While some of these species are now protected, many are still fished and sold legally. Check the Marine Stewardship Council for sustainable seafood products.

  • Petition your local government to stop or restrict legal ivory trade

In 2016, the U.S. placed new, strict regulations on the domestic ivory trade, restricting sale of ivory across state lines and limiting ivory trophy imports to two per year, per hunter. Illegal ivory is often sold as antique, skirting these federal restrictions. California,
Hawaii, Nevada, New Jersey, New York, Oregon, and Washington are the only states with ivory bans on top of federal law. Contact your local lawmakers to encourage them to put additional pressure on both legal and illegal ivory trade.

  • Pledge your support

There\’s strength in numbers. Stand with organizations which urge governments to do more to stop wildlife crime in their countries.

  • Report any illegal wildlife trade

The world is much smaller thanks to the internet and now it\’s easier than ever to report illegal wildlife trade when you see it. Started by the Elephant Action League, Wildleaks allows anyone to anonymously report wildlife crimes around the world.
Climate change:


We get it: you’ve heard this a million times before, and it’s hard to know what really is recyclable these days. But recycling remains an effective and important way to reduce your carbon footprint.
Looking for ways to improve recycling? Check out our How to Recycle Guide to learn more!


Empowered women empower women, and when they have have a voice in things like family size and livelihood, women can play a key role in addressing climate change. Support mentoring programs and participate in microeconomics initiatives that help women start small, sustainable businesses!

It’s no secret that extracting fossil fuels is wrecking our planet, which is why we need to shift to renewable energy sources. But even if you can’t afford to buy a Tesla, there’s plenty of ways you can reduce energy consumption, including signing up for solar panels, finding a green energy provider, and replacing all of your lightbulbs with LEDs.


Gas-powered vehicles guzzle up fossil fuels, clog highways, and spew out toxic greenhouse gases. That adds up to a TON of pollution (and road rage). So whenever possible, grab your bike, hop on a bus or train, or lace up your walking shoes. The planet — and your waistline — will thank you!


There’s no getting around it: eating factory farmed animals from thousands of miles away is just plain bad — for our health, the planet, and our wallets. So try incorporating more local, plant- based meals into your diet. You might be pleasantly surprised by how delicious vegetables can be!


Because when it comes to protecting the climate, trees are the real OGs, and planting them has consistently ranked as the #1 climate change solution. That’s because trees help clean the air, stabilize the soil, protect biodiversity, offset carbon, and so much more.


Our wasteful ways are trashing our planet and costing us a lot of money, too. So the next time you find a hole in your sock or your washer is on the fritz, consider repairing before replacing. Don’t have the skills? Hop on YouTube or ask an elder in your life!


But you can recycle it, right? Wrong. Greenpeace recently discovered most plastic gets baled and shipped to countries with lax environmental protection laws. Until we have a better recycling system in place, it’s best to avoid plastic entirely.


Vote for climate-conscious representatives in every election and urge them to commit to setting science-based targets to reduce emissions, implement clear-eyed plans for addressing climate change, and shift to a clean-energy economy.


We waste a LOT of food for a world plagued by food insecurity. Thankfully, anyone can compost their waste at home. It’s simple, effective, and packs a powerful nutritional punch for plants. Get our free compost guide or learn how to reduce waste at home!


Within the last decade, we’ve seen an upsurge in high-quality, affordable sustainable goods. These companies are passionate about planting trees and sourcing sustainable materials. Small companies can have a big impact on the environment and you can support them!


To restart our economy and recover jobs will require bold action — and what better action than to rebuild our infrastructure with green technology? Read our recent article about the need for a modern day Civilian Conservation Corps to see what that could look like!


It can be easy to waste water when it flows freely from the tap, but those that live in water stressed areas—and have to walk miles to get it—know its true worth. You can reduce your water usage by taking shorter showers, not watering your lawn, fixing leaky pipes, and even eating less meat.


Just 100 fossil fuel companies are responsible for 71% of global greenhouse gas emissions, leading many schools and faith groups to divest from fossil fuels altogether. Make sure that your workplace, pension fund, university, or bank doesn’t invest in them — and if they do, start a divestment campaign of your own!


When it comes to climate change, young people have the most at stake. Although COVID-19 has temporarily reduced their ability to hold in-person protests, you can bet that they\’ll get back out there as soon as possible. Help them grow by joining in, listening, and offering your support!


Say what? Traditional air conditioners and refrigerators depend on HFC coolants to operate — and unfortunately, these coolants are 1,000-9,000X more warming than carbon. So work with your local recycling or waste facility to properly dispose of your old appliances.


Every time you use the internet, you release CO2. We aren’t saying you have to go off the grid, but try to bring more mindfulness to your use by cleaning up your email inbox, downloading any videos that you stream frequently, and signing up for a green browser extension like WeHero.


We’ve already talked about divesting from fossil fuels, but let’s take that one step further and invest in sustainable alternatives. If you can’t get your bank to green up its portfolio, take your money elsewhere: find an ethical bank by searching in this helpful database.


Support your local environment by planting native, pollinator- friendly flowers and herbs — either in containers on your balcony or directly in the ground in your backyard. Want to take it a step further? Make your own seed balls and distribute them around your local environment!


As an eco-conscious person, you know why climate change matters, but not everyone is as environmentally aware. And we bet there’s someone in your family or social circle that falls into the latter group. So if they’re open to it, let them know why you’re so passionate and invite them to try some of these tips for themselves.

  • More Protected Marine Areas

Increasing the number of protected marine areas will mean less fishing activities within those special areas. The areas could include those with vulnerable reefs, sea floor or other key habitats. Thus, the intensity of overfishing by the fishing industries could gradually reduce. It’s also great news for the fish as they will have more time to reproduce and mature to a healthy number.
(Read: Prevention of Marine Pollution)

  • Farming Fish

Instead of exhausting efforts to fish in the wild ocean, farming fish could serve as a way to avoid overfishing. Many fish are produced through farming these days including bass, arctic char, salmon, trout and even tuna. This is due to how often they are fished which leads to a massive drop in their population. Through regulated and controlled fish farming, we no longer have to drive fish to its extinction. (Find more: Types of Sea Lions)

  • Labeling Fish for Consumers

When fish are packaged for consumers, labels could be placed on them to show their status. Whether their particular species is stable, threatened or endangered. By doing so, consumers would be discouraged to eat that particular species. The fishing industries will also be discouraged to fish for certain fish if nobody is going to buy it.

  • Reducing Subsidies

The government gives subsidies to the large fishing industries such as for fuel or port rehabilitation. Take the subsidies away and the fishing industries will not be seen as a profitable business anymore. Less people will work in the fishing industries that have no concern for sustainable fishing. Also, the lack of money will prevent them from fishing as much as they used to.

  • Avoid Big Fish

The big fish here include marine species such as shark, marlin and tuna. These fish have experienced extreme overfishing for many decades because they are famous for their delicious meat or fins.
Avoid consuming these fish and go for smaller fish instead. (Read: Major Ocean Basins)

  • Buy Local Fish

By buying local fish, the request for fish species that might be illegally caught or transported could be lowered. Many illegally caught fish comes from the result of overfishing because people keep asking for it. When people buy more local fish that are known to be abundant in the area where they live, then there would be no need for overfishing elsewhere.(Read: Types of Sea Snakes)

  • Safe Catch Limits

By following through the regulation of the annual safe catch limits helps to eliminate overfishing. This regulation will help the fishing industries to fish in a sustainable way where they won’t harm the population number of the fish in the ocean. The fishing industries can restraint themselves by always monitoring the allowed amount of fish that can be caught.

  • Know What You Eat

Knowing what fish is okay or not okay to eat can contribute as a solution to the problem of overfishing. Non-profit organisations such as Greenpeace or WWF have compiled a seafood guide for most of the countries in the world. The seafood guide will help consumers in determining the fish species that are safe or not safe to eat depending on the condition of the population number.

  • Regulation on Retailers

Implementing regulation concerning where retailers get their seafood from can discourage overfishing even more. Retailers could be required to supply their seafood from fishing industries where they are certainly sustainable. This in turn will force the fishing industries to be more sustainable because if they won’t then their products will not be accepted into retailers.

  • Alternative Fishing Gears

Fishing gears have a huge contribution to overfishing. The main gear that most of the fishing industries use now is the trawler. The trawler will drag the nets across the sea floor. The nets contain a lot of fish inside and also other species that might not be meant to be fished. There should be safer alternative gears where they are environmentally friendly and enable sustainable fishing. (Read more: Types of Small Ocean Fish)

  • Inform Friends and Family

Talk to friends and family members about the danger of overfishing. Make them aware of the fish they buy and consume. Encourage them to purchase seafood that are certified to be sustainable or more locally fished. The more people becomes aware of overfishing, the greater chance there is to stop it.

  • Join Non-profit Organisation

Become a member of a non-profit organisation that is focused on solving the problem of overfishing. It could be a local or international organisation. By joining such organisation, you contribute to the enforcement of a more sustainable fishing industries. This small act can have a positive impact on the way people catch their fish around the world.

  • Monitoring Illegal Fishing Activities

Due to high demands from consumers, some people might be encouraged to carry out illegal fishing activities. Each year, there is around 30% of unreported fishing. These illegal activities harm the fish population as they are continuously taken away. This is why the waters should be monitored as to prevent illegal fishing.

  • Eat Other Sources of Protein

Eating other sources of protein is a solution to overfishing. Fish is not the only source of protein out there. There is also meat, poultry, dairy, beans, nuts and seeds. By consuming more sources of these proteins then we can reduce the demand for fish. When the demand of fish goes low then the need to fish could be reduced.

  • Registering Boats Used by the Fishing Industries

Registering the boats that are used by the fishing industries could help in controlling the people who are allowed to fish in the areas. When the people and the fish equipments are controlled, it is easier to maintain a healthy population for the fish. Moreover, this is a way that could also help in preventing illegal fishing. (Find more: Human Impacts on the Great Barrier Reef)

  • Fish According to Seasons

Fishing according to seasons could serve as a solution to overfishing. By knowing what fish is in season, fishermen should strictly fish for those species only. While doing so, other species that are not in season could be avoided. They could have more chances to mature and lay eggs for more young ones. In the long run, a balanced way of fishing could be achieved. (Read also: Types of Abalone)

  • Help Developing Countries

The fishing industries are mainly blooming in countries that are considered as poor and developing. Therefore, there is a higher chance of overfishing to occur in those countries. Through helping them to have more knowledge and skill about sustainable fishing, overfishing can be avoided.

  • Use Social Media for Awareness

In this modern age, there are numerous social medias that are free for us to use. These social medias can help us to spread information on overfishing. We can make people to be more aware about the danger of overfishing and how it is going to affect the environment in the long run. Other than that, we can also spread knowledge on the efforts and solutions that can be done to help solve this overfishing problem.

  • Go for Fish in the Lower Food Web

Another solution for overfishing is by catching fish that are in the lower part of the food web. The fish that are in high demands are those on top of the food web such as tuna and salmon. Most of them are huge predators of the ocean.
However, they are rare and the maturity rate is not as high as the fish in the lower food web. Fish that are in the lower food web are bigger in numbers than the predators. If fishermen focus more on prey fish rather than the predators then overfishing should become less of a threat for everyone.

  • Support Smaller Fisheries

Another solution to overfishing is supporting smaller fisheries. This act of support can greatly change how the fishing industries carry out their fishing methods. Both small and large fisheries catch the same amount of fish. What makes them different is the method of catching fish. Bigger fisheries rely more on big ships and big nets to catch a huge amount of fish at once. By supporting smaller fisheries, we can get more local fishermen to get involved in a more sustainable and safe way to fish. There could be no need to use big ship and trawlers that cause most of overfishing problem.

  • Stay up to date with the news

News will help you to know what kind of food supply that is rare recently. Moreover, the news will tell you more about the disadvantages of some food supply that become rare so you can know more about the bad impact of it.

  • Eat more vegetables

There are some amount of people that called them self as a meat lovers. The meat can be beef, chicken, and even fish. If you’re one of them, try to eat more vegetables to fulfill your body needs.
Besides that, you’re also helping to reduce overfishing because you make the demand of fish lower.
See also:

Counting your calories need per day is really important. Beside you know what your body needs, you can also understand your body better. And, you will not over consuming one kind of food material such as fish.

  • Be a smart buyer

The other ways to reduce overfishing is that to be a smart buyer. You must know that if something is sold expensive, that thing must be had a high quality, or the thing is rare. You have to be careful when you find the expensive fish because it might be a rare fish that is being threatened to extinction.

  • Actively participating government regulation

Government surely will create some amount of regulation to keep everything in good. Such as, regulation about fishing activities.
Just saying if you love to fishing, follow the regulation. Such as, you can’t catch this species of fish and etc.

  • Supporting environmental organization

Actually, the best way to reduce any kind of environmental problem including overfishing is to joining the environmental care organization or movement. But, if you think you’re too busy, you can just supporting, promoting, and giving some amount of funding to the organization.

  • Monitoring the fisherman

You can also keep an active act to do monitoring of what fisherman doing when he or she do a fishing activities. Therefore, you can remind him or her if their fishing is exceed the correct amount of fishing.

  • Catch limitation

Government must know the needs of their society. Like how many the food is needed and is the domestic production is enough to supply the food for the society or not. From this data, government can make the regulation about the catch limitation to limiting the fish catch so it won’t be a waste in the market.

  • Catch shares

There will be a certain area that can produce a high catch of one or some specific species of fish. By this, when that area can share its catch to another area and vice versa through barter or business way that allows you to buy some amount of fish from them.

  • Sanction for trawling

There are so many ways used by the fisherman to catch the fish as much as they can such as trawling. The bad thing about trawling is that it can catch the juvenile that shouldn’t be catch. And to prevent this thing become worse, sanction can be applied to those who use the trawl.

  • Rules about minimum size catch

Not only the trawling, but we can also apply the minimum size catch of fish just like what another country has already applied. By this rules, the customer will have more satisfaction because they’re consuming the adult fish that has more meat. And, we can also prevent the overfishing that catch any size of fish.

  • Limiting the subsidies given to the retailers

As we all know, our government is promoting and running about the funding for small business. But, sometime what is being forgotten is that, the subsidies given should be only once. After that, let the entrepreneur or in this case is the fishery retailers run their own business. By then, they will be smarter to control and manage their business.

  • Educating the retailers

Not only supporting the retailers to run their business but we need to educate them as well. The education that is needed by the retailers is that beside the business education but also the education to care about the environment. About how overfishing will affect the balance of ecosystem.

  • Educating the fisherman

After the retailers, we do also need to educate the fisherman, the one who do the fishery activities. Sometime to get more fish, fisherman will do many ways to catch more fish. And mostly they won’t care about the impact that may come from their actions.

  • Educating the society

The society is the one who has the demand of food or in this case is fish. Education toward the society is also needed so they won’t only pursuing their desire of fish but also understanding that our ecosystem should be in balance.

  • Sanction for bombing

The other sanction that can be given as a ways to reduce overfishing is the sanction for those who commit bombing. Through bombing, people aren’t only gain more fish but also can destroy the fish habitat. And it can also kill a generation of fish because it is targeting one specific place.
See also: Threats to Marine Habitats Types of Ocean Habitats

  • Sanction for doping

Doping may have the same huge impact just like the bombing. The difference is it won’t destroy one or some specific habitat because the drug that is used for doping will poisoning the habitat first and kill many fish and another marine animals. When it is poisoning the habitat, the drug may change the water pH that will affecting the coral reef and lead it to death.
See also:

After all, maybe government need to make such a regulation about the right way to do the fishing activities. Such as, the banned of bombing, doping, trawling. And giving an example about the right way to catch the fish.

  • Ocean control by the authorities

The scarcity of fish supply in a certain country may not only be caused because the overfishing that is done by the domestic fisherman. There are also some illegal fisherman coming from another country to steal the fish. The authorities is needed to control these illegal comers that want to steal the fish.

  • Creating marine protected areas

Due to the scarcity of some species of fish that can even lead it to extinction, marine protected areas is needed. Through this facility government can control and seeing the development of the population of some certain endangered fish where no illegal fishing can come in and allowed.
(To be continued…)

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