THE NOBLE PRIZE 2021: Two Americans Win Medicine Nobel for Discoveries in Sensing Temperature and Touch

Posted Leave a commentPosted in Biology, Health, Health Sciences, Medicine, Neuroscience, Nobel Prize 2021

Abstract The Noble Prize in Physiology or medicine is awarded by the Noble assembly [1] for extra-ordinary inventions in physiology and medicine. The Nobel Prize is basically awarded to “those who, during the preceding year, have conferred the greatest benefit to humankind”, according to Alfred Nobel’s will in1895. The Noble Prize is basically awarded for […]

How can exercise have an antidepressant effect on the brain through BDNF?

Posted Leave a commentPosted in Biology, Health, Health Sciences

Abstract Regular physical activity has long been known to have positive effects on mood and mental health. In this study, the antidepressant effect of exercise in the brain of patients with Major Depressive Disorder (MDD), which includes symptoms such as decreased mood and motivation caused by changes in the chemical molecules of the brain, was […]

Comparison of optogenetics with bipolar electrode stimulation as a method to measure conduction velocity through axons

Posted Leave a commentPosted in Biology

Signal transfer has an important role in the human body: without communication between cells, many processes such as action or perception could not take place. Rapid communication between cells largely goes via the nervous system. Through a mechanism in which a difference in voltage is created by diffusion and conduction of ions, nerve cells can […]

Neurorehabilitation of paralysis patients using Brain Computer Interfaces

Posted Leave a commentPosted in Medicine

Abstract Brain-Computer Interfaces (BCI) acquire and translate brain signals from a patient to carry out some action on an external device. BCIs may collect these data signals through invasive, semi-invasive, or non-invasive techniques. Such techniques include electroencephalography (EEG), functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI), and Electrocorticography (ECoG). This review will aim to understand the development of […]

Orange You Glad You Aren’t A Bird?

Posted Leave a commentPosted in Biology

Abstract The wide-ranging adaptations of birds has astounded scientists for many years and the crested auklet (Aethia cristatella) is no exception. Aside from its physical ornamentation and vocalisations, the auklet’s citric plumage-odour is one of its most well-known characteristics. The tangerine-like secretion is used in courtship displays as well as acting as an ectoparasite repellant, […]

The Effectiveness of Vestibular Substitution via IMU Based Tactile Feedback

Posted Leave a commentPosted in Biology

Abstract The concept of sensory substitution involves supplying sensory stimuli through a sensory modality usually used for gathering different sensory data. An example of this would be echolocation in blind humans. It is usually our eyes which help us decide how far away objects are, by processing the sensory stimuli we receive visually. However, in […]

Why are cases of food allergies in developed countries on the rise?

Posted 1 CommentPosted in Biology, Biomedical Science, Covid-19, Health, Health Sciences

Abstract Allergic diseases have increased by over 50% in the last two decades. To raise awareness, education to children about their management and prevention is urgently needed. This is of rising importance as the number of people dying from food allergies, anaphylaxis and allergic asthma continues to rise at a shocking rate. In case this […]

Biofilms in Human Disease

Antibiotic-Resistant Biofilm: Challenge In The Development of Antibiotic Therapy

Posted Leave a commentPosted in Biology, Biomedical Science, Health, Health Sciences, Medicine

Abstract Pathogens are acquiring resistance faster than the introduction of new antibiotics. A growing number of infections such as pneumonia, tuberculosis, gonorrhoea, salmonellosis, etc are becoming harder to treat due to antibiotic resistance. Therefore, it is the need of the time to conduct research in order to reduce antibiotic resistance by microorganisms. The article will […]

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Dietary Effects on the Human Gut Microbiome

Posted 2 CommentsPosted in Biology, Biomedical Science, Health, Health Sciences, Medicine

Abstract The human gut microbiome is home to trillions of microorganisms, but according to recent research, this number can be greatly altered depending on one’s daily dietary intake. Researchers have been studying effects of common diets such as vegetarian, vegan, carnivore, and ketogenic diets as well as infant diets on gut flora, which have provided […]

Telemedicine: The Future of Health Care?

Posted Leave a commentPosted in Biomedical Science, Covid-19, Medicine

Introduction The COVID-19 pandemic has resulted in several drastic changes in not only our everyday lifestyle but also healthcare. From school to social gatherings, almost everything has shifted to an online platform and medicine is no different. Telemedicine is the provision of healthcare services remotely with the help of modern telecommunication technology allowing many patients […]

S. aureus alpha toxin mutants: efficacy through genetic manipulation

Posted Leave a commentPosted in Biology, Biomedical Science

Abstract Since the 1960’s the MRSA bacterium has been a global epidemic. MRSA, methicillin-resistant staphylococcus aureus, is a type of bacterium that resides on and inside humans. Because of the usage of antibiotics to treat this, selection and procreating of mutating methicillin-resistant bacteria remains a continuous threat. An alternative against the plague of resistant bacteria […]

Using CRISPR Cas9 to treat Cancer

Posted Leave a commentPosted in Biology, Biomedical Science, Technology

Abstract This article will explore the use of CRISPR Cas9 technology to create models of tumors to improve understanding of which genes are responsible for tumor initiation and progression, and to develop therapies that target those genes. There are already different types of immunotherapies, such as engineered TCR therapy and CAR T cell therapy, which […]

The potential role for exogenous pulmonary surfactants in novel COVID-19 therapeutics

Posted Leave a commentPosted in Biology, Health Sciences, Medicine

Abstract Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) is the virus that causes coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), predominantly affecting the lungs. The SARS-CoV-2 virus infects cells by using the membrane bound angiotensin converting enzyme 2 (ACE2) as a site of entry into the cell. These have been found in the lungs to be mainly situated […]

How can cancer be targeted without killing healthy cells?

Posted Leave a commentPosted in Biology, Health, Health Sciences, Medicine, Other

Targeted Therapy: a tremendous solution Abstract: Targeted therapy is a relatively new method of curing cancer that uses drugs to attack targets on which cancer cells’ growth closely depend. [1] By attacking the proteins or enzymes responsible for their abnormal growth, its effects are amplified. Targeted therapy is successful in curing many cancer patients, it […]

Does Classical Music Improve Short Term Memory?

Posted 5 CommentsPosted in Biology, Neuroscience, Other, Psychology

A study by Zurafa Sakel.   Abstract The aim of this study is to explore whether classical music can improve short term memory in healthy volunteers. This may help learning of healthy people. It may also have a positive impact on communication and interaction as well as reducing agitation in dementia patients. This standardised prospective […]