Earth Science

The Effect of Climate Change on the Distribution of Malaria in Africa

  Abstract Malaria, an infectious disease transmitted by Anopheles mosquitoes, kills over 400,000 people each year. Of these 400,000 deaths, sixty-seven percent are children under the age of five [1]. The Anopheles mosquitoes can host five different species of malaria which infect humans [2]. This review mainly discusses the most lethal species, Plasmodium falciparum (P. …

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CORAL REEFS IN DANGER: THE THREATS, THE CONSEQUENCES, THE FUTURE

BY: MADELEINE HSU ABSTRACT This article discusses coral reefs, the danger and threats they are facing, and how different marine animals and plants are being affected by factors like climate change, coastal development, and more.  This article also considers the possible restoration techniques used to rehabilitate coral reefs, as well as some of the governmental …

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Ocean Acidification (OA): How It Affects Shellfish

ABSTRACT For decades evidence has shown that calcifying organisms such as several types of molluscs have been found to be vulnerable to the effects of Ocean Acidification (OA). The production of calcium carbonate which is the main component used by calcifying organisms to build their shells is predicted to decline, and with the addition of …

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Enhanced Bioremediation: Environmental Friendly Agar-based Fertilizers for Oil Clean Up

Wireline services company is often used in oilfield drilling operations. Proving tools that can measure the pressure of fluids, as well as detect other types of materials like methane gas and minerals that might be present deep underground. Abstract Oil pollution in oceans is a major threat to the health of marine life and humans, …

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The Effect of Ion-Exchange Resins on the Removal of Atmospheric Carbon Dioxide

By: Marina Karki : Abstract: The burning of fossil fuels releases millions of tons of carbon dioxide into the air every year creating a current atmospheric concentration of over 400 ppm [1]. This high concentration level leads to the melting of sea ice, ocean acidification and wide array of problems that go underly global climate …

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MITIGATION OF URBAN HEAT ISLANDS WITH CRYPTOGAMIC COVERS

Abhinav Vetcha AP Research Mrs. Katie Upton May 27, 2018 Abstract The urban heat island effect occurs when temperatures in urban areas are higher than the temperatures of the surrounding environment. This effect can be caused by decreased vegetation levels, heat-trapping building arrangements, anthropogenic heat gain (due to heat produced by the high concentration of …

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DNA Analysis of the Sucrose Synthase Enzyme in Genetically Modified and Heirloom Pisum sativum

Abstract: The world’s changing demands for crops has resulted in the genetic modification of plants’ genotypes, to increase crop yield and resist invading bacteria. Sucrose synthase (SuSy) is an enzyme that synthesizes sucrose; sucrose is integral for plant growth and the formation of carbohydrates. Two varieties of pea plants, genetically modified Pisum sativum and heirloom …

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Communicating Climate Change through Photography: Interview with Sean Gallagher

Aerial view of burning land near the Phnom Tnout Phnom Pok Wildlife Sanctuary, in Songkom Thmey District, Preah Vihear Province, northern Cambodia. During the dry season between January to March, hundreds of fires continually rage across the country. Land is burnt by farmers, loggers and local people looking to either capture wildlife or clear land …

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